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Author Singh, Raju Jan

Title Oil and civil conflict : can public spending have a mitigation effect? / Raju Jan Singh, Cristina Bodea, and Masaaki Higashijima
Published [Washington, D.C.] : World Bank, ©2014
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (32 pages) : color illustrations
Series Policy research working paper ; 7100
Policy research working papers ; 7100
Summary This paper explores the conditions under which public spending could minimize violent conflict related to oil wealth. Previous work suggests that oil can lead to violent conflict because it increases the value of the state as a prize or because it undermines the state's bureaucratic penetration. Yet, little has been said on how oil wealth could be used to prevent the onset of violent conflict through public spending by buying off citizens and elites, increasing state legitimacy by providing basic services, or strengthening the military and security apparatus. The empirical analysis (148 countries over 1960-2009) shows that higher levels of military spending are associated with lower risk of small- and large-scale conflict onset in countries rich in oil and gas. By contrast, in economies with little natural resources, increases in military spending are associated with a higher risk of conflict. Welfare expenditure is associated with lower risk of small-scale conflict, irrespective of the level of oil revenue. However, general government spending does not appear to have any robust mitigating effects
Notes "November 2014."
"World Bank Group, Latin America and the Caribbean Region, Haiti Country Management Unit."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 22-29)
Notes Online resource; title from pdf title page (World Web site, viewed November 11, 2014)
Subject Civil war -- Economic aspects -- Prevention
Expenditures, Public
Natural resources
Violence -- Economic aspects -- Prevention
Expenditures, Public.
Natural resources.
Form Electronic book
Author Bodea, Cristina
Higashijima, Masaaki
World Bank. Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office. Haiti Country Management Unit