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Book Cover
E-book
Author World Bank. South Asia Regional Office, author.

Title Striving for clean air : air pollution and public health in South Asia / World Bank Group
Published Washington DC : International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2023
©2023

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Description 1 online resource (xxvii, 85 pages) : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps
Series South Asia development matters
South Asia development matters.
Contents Front Cover -- Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Main Messages -- Executive Summary -- Abbreviations -- 1 Introduction -- Overview -- References -- 2 Air Quality in South Asia -- Introduction -- Key Features of Air Pollution in South Asia -- Implications for AQM in South Asia -- The Importance of Airshed Management for South Asia -- Annex 2A: Application of GAINS Modeling in South Asia -- Notes -- References -- 3 Cost-Effective Measures for Reducing Ambient Air Pollution in South Asia -- Introduction
Four Air Quality Management Approaches That Go above and beyond the Current Policies -- Implications for AQM: The Need for Airshedwide Air Quality Management -- Notes -- References -- 4 Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution -- Health Impacts of Air Pollution -- Economic Benefits of Reduced Air Pollution -- Preventing Premature Mortality -- Annex 4A: Health Impact Calculations -- Annex 4B: COVID-19 and Air Pollution Link -- Notes -- References -- 5 A Road Map for Airshedwide Air Quality Management -- Introduction -- Phase I: More and Better Monitoring and Improved Institutions
Phase II: Additional and Joint Targets for Cost-Effective Abatement -- Phase III: Mainstreaming Air Quality in the Economy -- Despite Ample Opportunities, Serious Obstacles Remain -- References -- Boxes -- Box 4.1 Empirical Methods to Estimate the Effects of Air Pollution on Health Outcomes -- Box 4.2 Cost-Benefit Analysis of Policies to Reduce Air Pollution -- Box 4.3 Improved Cookstoves and Cleaner Fuels in India -- Box 5.1 Experiences around the Globe to Improve Air Quality -- Box 5.2 Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and per Capita Expenditures in India
Box 5.3 Synergies between Air Quality Management and Climate Change Policies -- Figures -- Figure ES.1 Exposure Reductions and Costs of Associated Emissions Controls for the Four Modeled Scenarios in the South Asia Region in 2030 -- Figure 1.1 Spatial and Sectoral Origin of Fine Particulate Matter in Ambient Air, Delhi National Capital Territory, 2018 -- Figure 2.1 Information Flow in the GAINS Model
Figure 2.2 Modeled Average Fine Particulate Concentrations by Source for 10 x 10-Kilometer Grid Cells Compared with Observations from Monitoring Stations Located within the Grid Cells in Delhi NCT, 2018 -- Figure 2.3 Contributions to Population-Weighted Fine Particulate Matter Exposure in Cities on the Indo-Gangetic Plain by Source, 2018 -- Figure 2.4 Contributions to Population-Weighted Fine Particulate Matter Exposure in Cities beyond the Indo-Gangetic Plain by Source, 2018 -- Figure 2.5 Contributions to Population-Weighted Fine Particulate Matter Exposure in Selected Cities in South Asia by Source, 2018
Summary South Asia is home to 9 of the world's 10 cities with the worst air pollution. Concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in some of the region's most densely populated and poor areas are up to 20 times higher than what the World Health Organization considers healthy (5 micrograms per cubic meter). This pollution causes an estimated 2 million premature deaths in the region each year and results in significant economic costs. Controlling air pollution is difficult without a better understanding of the activities that cause emissions of particulate matter. Air pollution travels long distances in South Asia and gets trapped in large 'airsheds' that are shaped by climatology and geography. This publication identifies six major airsheds in the region and analyzes four scenarios for reducing air pollution with varying degrees of policy implementation and cooperation among countries. The analysis shows that cooperation between different jurisdictions within an airshed is crucial, and a schematic road map with three phases is proposed. The phases in the road map may overlap when the rate of progress differs, depending on local circumstances. Phase 1 would improve monitoring and institutions; Phase 2 would introduce additional and joint targets for cost-effective abatement; and Phase 3 would mainstream air quality in the economy
Notes "This report was prepared by a team led by Muthukumara Mani under the guidance of Hans Timmer (Chief Economist) and Martin Raiser (Vice President) of the South Asia Region of the World Bank. The core team members include Zara Ali, Ahmad Imran Aslam, Adanna Chukwuma, Martin Heger, Michael Norton, Jostein Nygard, Md. Shamemmur Rahman, Isabel Maria Ramos Tellez, Utkarsh Saxena, Siddharth Sharma, Nadia Sharmin, Aiga Stokenberga, Michael Toman, and Margaret Triyana."
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Description based on resource, viewed September 8, 2023
Subject World Health Organization.
SUBJECT World Health Organization. fast (OCoLC)fst00533203
Subject Air -- Pollution -- South Asia
Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects -- South Asia
Air -- Pollution -- Government policy -- South Asia
Air quality -- South Asia
Air -- Pollution.
Air -- Pollution -- Government policy.
Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects.
Air quality.
South Asia.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2023907856
ISBN 9781464818387
146481838X