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Author Magnani, Lorenzo

Title Abductive cognition : the epistemological and eco-cognitive dimensions of hypothetical reasoning / Lorenzo Magnani
Published Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag, ©2009


Description 1 online resource
Series Cognitive Systems Monographs ; v. 3
Cognitive systems monographs ; v. 3.
Contents Theoretical and manipulative abduction conjectures and manipulations : the extra-theoretical dimension of scientific discovery -- Non-explanatory and instrumental abduction : plausibility, implausibility, ignorance preservation -- Semiotic brains and artificial minds : how brains make up material cognitive systems -- Neuromultimodal abduction : pre-wired brains, embidiment, neurospaces -- Animal abduction : from mindless organisms to srtifactual mediators -- Abduction, affordances, and cognitive niches : sharing representations and creating chances through cognitive niche construction -- Abduction in human and logical agents : hasty generalizers, hybrid abducers, fallacies -- Morphodynamical abduction : causation of hypotheses by attractors dynamics
Summary This volume explores abductive cognition, an important but, at least until the third quarter of the last century, neglected topic in cognition. The book aims at increasing knowledge about creative and expert inferences. The study of these high-levelmethods of abductive reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philosophy, logic, epistemology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, cognitive psychology, animal cognition and evolutionary theories; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. Philosophers of science in the twentieth century have traditionally distinguished between the inferential processes active in the logic of discovery and the ones active in the logic of justification. Most have concluded that no logic of creative processes exists and, moreover, that a rational model of discovery is impossible. In short, scientific creative inferences are irrational and there is no?reasoning? to hypotheses. On the other hand, some research in the area of artificial intelligence has shown that methods for discovery could be found that are computationally adequate for rediscovering - or discovering for the first time - empirical or theoretical laws and theorems
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
In Springer eBooks
Subject Abduction (Logic)
SCIENCE -- Philosophy & Social Aspects.
Abduction (Logic)
Abduction (Logic)
Kognitive Psychologie
Kognitiver Prozess
Abduktion Logik
Inferenz Künstliche Intelligenz
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783642036316