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Author Marshall, Robert C., 1948-

Title Collective decision making in rural Japan / by Robert C. Marshall
Published Ann Arbor : Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, 1984


Description 1 online resource (xiii, 178 p.)
Series Michigan papers in Japanese studies ; no. 11
Michigan papers in Japanese studies ; no. 11.
Contents Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Figures -- Tables -- Preface -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Collective Decisions and Rural Society -- Harmony, Unanimity, and Collective Decision Making -- Hamlet Society and Productive Exchange Relations -- Chapter 2: Productive Exchange, Mutual Investment, and Collective Decisions: a Theory of Group Decision Making -- The Paradox of Price -- Defection-reducing Mechanisms -- Forms of Exchange and Defection Reduction -- Productive Exchange, Mutual Investment, and Rate of Exchange
Productive Exchange, Mutual Investment, and Collective Decision Making -- Chapter 3: Hamlet Social Organization and Financial Structure -- Hamlet Membership and Recruitment -- Hamlet Internal Organization -- Hamlet Offices -- Subhamlet Groups -- Funding the Hamlet -- Chapter 4: Decisions -- Case 1: Softball Equipment -- Case 2: seimaiki (Rice Polisher) -- Case 3: Fire Pump -- Case 4: City Water -- Case 5: Fire Extinguishers, Gas Rings, and a Rice Cooker -- Case 6: The English Class -- Case 7: The Usoda bon odori -- Chapter 5: Decisions: Division and Solidarity in Hamlet Society
Decision Mode and Participant Orientation -- Minimal Criteria for Consent -- Hidden Costs and Structural Implications -- Incommensurability of Issues -- Chapter 6: Conclusions -- Notes to Chapters -- Bibliography
Summary "This study is a result of three continuous years of fieldwork in a hamlet in rural Japan. The data presented and analyzed here consist of records from participant observation, formal and informal interviews, casual conversation and formal questionnaires, and public and private documents. The subject of this research is group decision making, and the results of this process are, after all, a matter of public record. The major conclusions of this study are outlined in their simplest and most straightforward form. A hamlet is fundamentally a nexus for the organization of productive exchange among member households, the form of exchange through which two or more parties actively combine their resources to produce something of value not available, or as cheaply available, to any of them separately. Defection from productive exchange agreements by hamlet members is reduced by making access to future valuable transactions and corporate property contingent upon the integrity of each current exchange transaction. This method of combining a common interest in production with contingent access to productive resources is termed mutual investment and is the major source of consensus in hamlet decision making. When only cooperate resources are at issue, decisions regularly result in unanimity. When a course of action can be implemented only if hamlet members relinquish control over individually held resources, a division will emerge among the membership. Whether or not a formal vote is taken, the distribution of differing opinion will be known through more informal means of communication. In all cases of division, by the time the course of action to be implemented is formally announced, the minority in opposition will be extremely small. The question then must be resolved whether those in the minority will participate in the implementation or resign as hamlet members."--Publisher
Bibliography Bibliography: p. 171-178
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Description based on print version record; resource not viewed
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Subject Group decision making -- Japan -- Aichi-ken -- Case studies
Local government -- Japan -- Aichi-ken
Villages -- Japan -- Aichi-ken -- Case studies
Group decision making
Local government
Rural conditions
SUBJECT Aichi-ken (Japan) -- Rural conditions -- Case studies
Subject Japan -- Aichi-ken
Genre/Form Case studies
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2020715696
ISBN 9780472128044