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Book Cover
E-book
Author Vrahimis, Andreas, author.

Title Bergsonism and the history of analytic philosophy / Andreas Vrahimis
Published Cham : Palgrave Macmillan, [2022]
©2022

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Description 1 online resource
Series History of analytic philosophy
History of analytic philosophy.
Contents 1 Introduction -- Bibliography -- 2 Prelude: Bergsonism and Anglophone Analytic Philosophy -- 2.1 Before Stardom -- 2.2 Bergsonism in Britain and America -- 2.3 Stebbings Response to Bergsons 1911 Lectures -- 2.4 Russell Meets Bergson -- 2.5 Costelloe-Stephens Response to Russell -- Bibliography -- 3 Henri Bergson: A Misunderstood Celebrity -- 3.1 Bergsons Historical Background -- Spiritualism in Mid-Nineteenth-Century French Philosophy -- Spiritualist Positivism -- 3.2 A Biological Epistemology of Perception -- 3.3 Memory and Recognition -- 3.4 Intellect and Intuition -- 3.5 Philosophy of Space and Time -- Beyond Spencers Evolutionary Epistemology -- Number, Quantity, and Space -- Duree -- 3.6 Science and Metaphysics -- 3.7 Language -- Bibliography -- 4 William James and the Anglophone Reception of Bergsonism -- 4.1 A Philosophical Friendship -- 4.2 The Portrait of a Maitre -- 4.3 Intellectualism -- 4.4 Bergsons Radical Empiricism? -- 4.5 Radical Empiricism Versus Absolute Idealism -- 4.6 Jamess Influence on Bergsons Analytic Critics -- Bibliography -- 5 Ants, bees, and Bergson: Bertrand Russells Polemic -- 5.1 Contra Anti-intellectualism -- 5.2 Number and Space -- 5.3 Zenos Paradoxes -- Zenos and Bergsons Solutions -- Russells Mathematical Solution -- Russells Objection to Bergsons Solution, and the Debate with Carr -- 5.4 Time and Memory -- 5.5 Perception and the Subject-Object Distinction -- 5.6 Russells Later Responses to Bergson -- Jupiter sometimes nods -- Evolutionism and Scientific Philosophy -- Bergsons Place in the History of Philosophy -- Bibliography -- 6 Analytic and Synthetic Philosophy: Karin Costelloe-Stephens Defences of Bergson -- 6.1 Mereology -- 6.2 Recognition, Acquaintance, and the Limits of Thought -- 6.3 Costelloe-Stephens Reply to Russell -- Space -- Mathematical Continua and Processes of Change -- 6.4 Complexes and Syntheses -- 6.5 Russells Response to Costelloe-Stephen -- 6.6 Analytic Versus Continental Synthetic Philosophy -- Bibliography -- 7 A Call for Moderation: L. Susan Stebbings Critique of Bergson -- 7.1 How to Avoid Russells Errors -- 7.2 Bergsons Historical Context -- 7.3 Bergson Versus the Pragmatists on Truth -- 7.4 Anti-intellectualism -- 7.5 Intuition and Argumentation -- 7.6 Stebbings Objections to Bergsons Epistemology and Theory of Truth -- 7.7 Costelloe-Stephens Answer to Stebbings Objection -- Bibliography -- 8 Entracte: Bergsons Germanophone Reception and the Rise of Lebensphilosophie -- 8.1 The Philosophers Great War -- 8.2 The Demise of Bergsonism -- 8.3 The Rise of Lebensphilosophie -- 8.4 The Vienna Circles Opposition to Lebensphilosophie -- 8.5 Neuraths Russellian Critique of Spengler -- Bibliography -- 9 Evolutionary Epistemology: Moritz Schlicks Critique of Intuition -- 9.1 Anti-biologism -- 9.2 Schlicks Naturalised Epistemology -- 9.3 Intuitive Knowledge: A Contradiction in Terms -- 9.4 Images and Concepts -- 9.5 Judgements and Coordination -- 9.6 Philosophys Great Error Revisited -- Bibliography -- 10 From the Critique of Intuition to Overcoming Metaphysics: Schlicks Dialogue with Carnap -- 10.1 Schlick on Intuition and Metaphysics -- 10.2 Carnap on Implicit Definitions and Structure Descriptions -- 10.3 Carnaps Critique of Bergson -- 10.4 Schlicks Answer to Carnap -- 10.5 Schlicks Critique of Russellian Acquaintance -- Bibliography -- 11 Different Kinds of Nothing -- 11.1 Carnap and Neurath Shift Their Target -- 11.2 Carnap on Heideggers Pseudo-statements -- 11.3 Carnaps Response to Lebensphilosophie -- 11.4 Bergson and Carnap on Pseudo-problems About Nothing -- 11.5 Heideggers Angst Versus Bergsons Disinterested Intuition -- 11.6 Sartre Responds to Bergson and Heidegger -- 11.7 Ayer Contra Sartre on Nothing and Negation -- Bibliography -- 12 Doing Without Masters: Oxford Philosophy and the Analytic-Continental Divide -- 12.1 Ayer Revives Russell -- 12.2 Ryle Against the 1953 UNESCO Report -- 12.3 R.M. Hares Proposal for the Institutional Reform of Continental Philosophy -- 12.4 Ryle Against Continental Fuehrership -- Bibliography -- 13 Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Index
Summary During the first quarter of the twentieth century, the French philosopher Henri Bergson became an international celebrity, profoundly influencing contemporary intellectual and artistic currents. While Bergsonism was fashionable, L. Susan Stebbing, Bertrand Russell, Moritz Schlick, and Rudolf Carnap launched different critical attacks against some of Bergsons views. This book examines this series of critical responses to Bergsonism early in the history of analytic philosophy. Analytic criticisms of Bergsonism were influenced by William James, who saw Bergson as an anti-intellectualist ally of American Pragmatism, and Max Scheler, who saw him as a prophet of Lebensphilosophie. Some of the main analytic objections to Bergson are answered in the work of Karin Costelloe-Stephen. Analytic anti-Bergsonism accompanied the earlier refutations of idealism by Russell and Moore, and later influenced the Vienna Circles critique of metaphysics. It eventually contributed to the formation of the view that analytic philosophy is divided from its continental counterpart
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941 -- Influence
SUBJECT Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941 fast
Subject Analysis (Philosophy) -- History
Analysis (Philosophy)
Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.)
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9783030807559
303080755X