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Book Cover
E-book
Author Beiser, Frederick C., 1949- author.

Title Johann Friedrich Herbart : grandfather of analytic philosophy / Frederick C. Beiser
Edition First edition
Published Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press, 2022
©2022

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Description 1 online resource
Contents Cover -- Johann Friedrich Herbart: Grandfather of Analytic Philosophy -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction: The Fate of Johann Friedrich Herbart -- I. Philosophy -- II. Psychology -- III. Education -- 1: Early Years -- 1. Youth -- 2. First Writings -- 3. Early Influence of Kant -- 2: The Jena Years -- 1. Arrival in Jena -- 2. Luiza Margerita Arrives -- 3. Early Critique of Schelling -- 3: Swiss Sojourn, 1797-1799 -- 1. Switzerland -- 2. A New System? -- 3. Early Pedagogics -- 4. Return to Germany -- 4: Bremen Sorrows, 1800-1802 -- 1. Years of Solitude and Sadness
2. Pestalozzi -- 3. The ABC of Perception -- 4. Aesthetic Perception -- 5: Early Years in Göttingen -- 1. Promotion and Habilitation -- 2. Life and Work in Göttingen (1802-1805) -- 3. Writings (1802-1805) -- 4. The Inaugural Dissertation -- 6: Three Major Works, 1806-1808 -- 1. The Mysterious Principles of Pedagogics -- 2. Critique of Rousseau and Romantic Heritage -- 3. First Metaphysics -- 4. Introduction to Philosophy -- 7: Practical Philosophy -- 1. Herbart's Ethics -- 2. Foundation of Ethics -- 3. Allgemeine praktische Philosophie: Structure and Themes -- 4. Ideenlehre: Chapters 1-5
5. Ideenlehre: Chapters 6-12 -- 6. Book II: Ethical Ideas and Man -- 7. Book II: Society and the State -- 8: First Decade in Königsberg, 1809-1819 -- 1. New Life in Königsberg -- 2. A Dinner Speech on Kant -- 3. Marriage -- 4. The Königsberg Dissertation -- 5. Political Writings -- 6. Turn against Romanticism -- 7. Conversations on Evil -- 8. Against Steffens -- 9: An Important Compendium -- 1. A New Compendium -- 2. The Definition of Philosophy -- 3. The Principles of Aesthetics -- 4. Skepticism and Philosophy -- 5. The Ideas of God and the Good -- 10: Herbart and Prussian Educational Reform
1. Wilhelm von Humboldt and Herbart -- 2. Educational Projects -- 3. Government Service -- 4. Clash with Hof Prediger Zippel -- 5. Philosophy in the Gymnasium? -- 6. The Dangers of State Education -- 7. Protest and Repression -- 11: Herbart's Psychology -- 1. Herbart's Psychology in Context -- 2. Psychology as a Science -- 3. From Faculty to Function -- 4. A Dispute about Metaphysics in Psychology -- 5. The Metaphysics of Psychology -- 6. Eliminating the Ego -- 7. Mental Mechanics -- 8. Problems with Herbart's Psychology -- 12: General Metaphysics -- 1. The Concept of Metaphysics
2. The Incomplete Revolution -- 3. Methodology -- 4. Ontology -- 5. Synechology -- 6. Eidology -- 13: Return to Göttingen -- 1. Göttingen, Berlin, and Fate -- 2. A Kantian Confession -- 3. Outlines of Pedagogy -- 4. Letters on Freedom -- 5. A Last Effort in Ethics -- 6. The Göttingen Seven -- 7. Final Days -- Bibliography -- Johann Friedrich Herbart's Writings -- Primary Sources -- Secondary Sources -- Index
Summary "This book is an intellectual biography of Johann Friedrich, who was one of the most famous philosophers in early 19th century Germany. Herbart was trained in the German idealist tradition under Fichte, but he eventually broke with Fichte and major idealist doctrines. His own philosophy was opposed to the idealist tradition in important respects: he defended a dualism between the factual and normative; he was an ontological pluralist rather than monist; and he accepted crucial Kantian dualisms that had been rejected by the idealists (viz. the dualism between essence and existence, reason and sensibility). While Herbart still retained elements of idealism, he was more realistic than his idealistic counterparts, maintaining that elements of the sensible manifold were given rather than posited by the mind. Herbart was also an important forerunner of analytic philosophy, first in breaking with the idealist tradition, and second in insisting that the proper method of philosophy is the analysis of concepts rather than speculation about the universe as a whole"--Publisher's description
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from home page (Oxford Academic, viewed on December 19, 2022)
Subject Herbart, Johann Friedrich, 1776-1841.
SUBJECT Herbart, Johann Friedrich, 1776-1841 fast
Subject Philosophers -- Germany -- Biography
Analysis (Philosophy) -- History
Analysis (Philosophy)
Philosophers
Germany
Genre/Form History
Biographies
Biographies.
Biographies.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780192666765
0192666762
9780191944970
0191944971
9780192666772
0192666770