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Author Paturel, Simone (Simone Eid), author

Title Baalbek-Heliopolis, the Bekaa, and Berytus from 100 BCE to 400 CE : a landscape transformed / by Simone Eid Paturel
Published Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2019]


Description 1 online resource (xiv, 343 pages)
Series Mnemosyne supplements. History and archaeology of classical antiquity, 2352-8656 ; volume 426
Mnemosyne, bibliotheca classica Batava. Supplementum ; 426
Mnemosyne, bibliotheca classica Batava. Supplementum. History and archaeology of classical antiquity
Contents Intro; ‎Contents; ‎Acknowledgements; ‎Figures and Tables; ‎Figures; ‎Tables; ‎Chapter 1. Introduction; ‎1.1. The Aims of This Monograph; ‎1.2. Objectives; ‎1.3. Chronological and Geographical Range; ‎1.4. Topography and Geographical Setting; ‎1.5. Structure of the Monograph; ‎Chapter 2. Sources, Historiography, Method & Theory; ‎2.1. Introduction; ‎2.2. Sources and Historiography; ‎2.3. Method and Theory; ‎2.4. Conclusion; ‎Chapter 3. From Hellenistic Kingdoms to Roman Authority in the Levant; ‎3.1. Introduction; ‎3.2. The Hellenistic Kingdoms in the Levant
‎3.3. The Ituraeans and the Ituraean Principality‎Chapter 4. Pre-Hellenistic and Hellenistic Berytus; ‎4.1. Introduction; ‎4.2. Palaeolithic-Chalcolithic Activity (through 3000BCE); ‎4.3. Bronze Age (3000BCE-1200BCE); ‎4.4. Iron Age (1200BCE-323BCE); ‎4.5. Hellenistic (323BCE-15BCE); ‎4.6. Conclusion: Pre-Roman Berytus; ‎Chapter 5. Pre-Hellenistic and Hellenistic Baalbek and the Bekaa; ‎5.1. Introduction; ‎5.2. The Names Baalbek and Heliopolis; ‎5.3. Prehistoric and Hellenistic Baalbek; ‎5.4. The Prehistoric and Hellenistic Bekaa and Ituraean Territories; ‎5.5. Conclusion and Interpretation
‎Chapter 6. Roman Berytus‎6.1. Introduction; ‎6.2. The Cardo Maximus and Colonnaded Decumani; ‎6.3. Public Buildings and Religious Architecture; ‎6.4. Domestic Architecture; ‎6.5. Commerce; ‎6.6. Funerary Practice; ‎6.7. Conclusions: The "Reconstruction" of Berytus; ‎Chapter 7. Deir el-Qalaa; ‎7.1. Introduction; ‎7.2. The Sacred Area at Deir el-Qalaa; ‎7.3. The Settlement Area; ‎7.4. The Deities and the Inscriptions; ‎7.5. Conclusions; ‎Chapter 8. The Sanctuaries of Niha and Hosn Niha; ‎8.1. Introduction; ‎8.2. Niha; ‎8.3. Hosn Niha; ‎8.4. Conclusion: Ancient Nihata and Hosn Niha
‎Chapter 9. The Religious Landscape of Baalbek in the Roman Period‎9.1. Introduction; ‎9.2. Early Roman Baalbek: 15BCE-Mid-second Century; ‎9.3. The Later Roman Empire: From the Mid-second Century to the Fourth Century; ‎9.4. Funerary Practice in Baalbek and Douris; ‎9.5. Conclusion: A Double Transformation; ‎Chapter 10. Life in the Colonia from Epigraphic, Numismatic, and Iconographic Evidence; ‎10.1. Introduction; ‎10.2. The Heliopolitan "Triad"; ‎10.3. Baalbek-Heliopolis and Imperial Patronage; ‎10.4. Euergetism by Private Citizens; ‎10.5. Veterans and the Roman Army
‎10.6. Civilians, Public Officials, and Families‎10.7. Voting Tribes; ‎10.8. Conclusions: Life at Baalbek and in the Bekaa; ‎Chapter 11. Landscape and Religious Architecture in the Colonia; ‎11.1. Introduction; ‎11.2. The Temples of Baalbek in the Landscape; ‎11.3. The Temples of Niha in the Landscape; ‎11.4. Deir el-Qalaa; ‎11.5. Conclusion; ‎Chapter 12. Conclusion; ‎12.1. Conclusions on Berytus, Deir el-Qalaa, Niha, and Baalbek-Heliopolis; ‎12.2. Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus: A Latin Intrusion in the Near East?; ‎Appendix A. Location Tables for Beirut Excavations
Summary "The aim of this monograph is to understand the extent to which the landscape of Roman Berytus and the Bekaa valley is a product of colonial transformation following the foundation of Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Berytus in 15 BCE. The book explores the changes observed in the cities of Berytus and Heliopolis, as well as the sites at Deir el-Qalaa, Niha, and Hosn Niha. The work fundamentally challenges the traditional paradigm, where Baalbek-Heliopolis is seen as a religious site dating from as early as the Bronze Age and associated with the worship of a Semitic or Phoenician deity triad and replaces it with a new perspective where religious activity is largely a product of colonial change"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Sources, historiography, method & theory-From Hellenistic kingdoms to Roman authority in the Levant-Pre-Hellenistic and Hellenistic Berytus-Pre-Hellenistic and Hellenistic Baalbek and the Bekaa-Roman Berytus-Deir el-Qalaa-The sanctuaries of Niha and Hosn Niha-The religious landscape of Baalbek in the Roman period-Life in the Colonia from epigraphic, numismatic, and iconographic evidence-Landscape and religious architecture in the Colonia
Notes Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on August 22, 2019)
Subject Landscapes -- Lebanon -- Biqāʿ Valley
Religious architecture -- Lebanon -- Baʻlabakk
Religious architecture -- Lebanon -- Beirut
Phoenicians -- Religious life and customs
Religion and civilization.
Religion and civilization
Religious architecture
Roman colonies
SUBJECT Baʻlabakk (Lebanon) -- History
Biqāʿ Valley (Lebanon) -- History
Beirut (Lebanon) -- Antiquities
Rome -- Colonies -- Religious life and customs
Rome -- Colonies -- Asia.
Subject Asia
Lebanon -- Baʻlabakk
Lebanon -- Beirut
Lebanon -- Biqāʻ Valley
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2019981007
ISBN 9004400737