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Book Cover
Author Eckhardt, Wolfgang, 1968- author

Title First Socialist schism : Bakunin vs. Marx in the International Working Men's Association / Wolfgang Eckhardt ; translated by Robert M. Homsi [and 5 others]
Published Oakland, CA : PM Press ; Edmonton, Alberta : Thoughtcrime ink, [2016]


Description 1 online resource
Contents Front Cover; Title Page; Half Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; 1. Bakunin, Marx, and Johann Philipp Becker; The Alliance 'request' by Johann Philipp Becker (November 1868); The Alliance joins the International (February-July 1869); Becker's position paper on the question of organisation (July 1869); 2. The International in Geneva and in the Jura Region; The International in Jura (February-May 1869); 3. The Basel Congress of the International; Bakunin's manuscript 'To the Citizen Editors of the Réveil' (October 1869)
Bakunin's first strategy: attack not Marx but his associates4. Marx's 'communications' concerning Bakunin; Bakunin's defence by Eugène Hins (January 1870); The 'Confidential Communication' to German social democrats (March 1870); 5. The Romance Federation split; La Chaux-de-Fonds Congress (April 1870); Marx's third 'communication' regarding Bakunin (April 1870); The General Council's decision (June 1870); The international response and the International's next congress (April-August 1870); 6. Fixing the International's course
Bakunin's second strategy: cautious criticism of Marx Paul Robin, the congress question, and the disbanding of the Geneva Alliance section (summer 1871); Marx and pluralism within the International; 7. The London Conference; The London Conference's decision on the Swiss conflict (resolutions nos. 16 and 17); The Nechaev trial (resolution no. 14 of the London Conference); Constitution of the working class into a political party (resolution no. 9 of the London Conference); 8. The Sonvillier Circular; Reaction of the Belgian Federation of the International (November-December 1871)
Engels' article about the Sonvillier Circular and the declarations in support of the London Conference from Saxony and Geneva9. The International in Italy; Reaction of the International in Italy (until January 1872); Engels' letter to Theodor Cuno in Milan of 24 January 1872; Bakunin's Italian manuscripts (end of 1871 to beginning of 1872); 10. The International in Spain; The International in Madrid and the founding congress of the Spanish Federation in Barcelona (1869-1870); Slow reaction of the Spanish International to the Sonvillier Circular (November 1871-early 1872)
Paul Lafargue goes to Spain11. Lafargue's activities in Spain; Lafargue and the Emancipación's contact with the Republican Party (January to March 1872); The Saragossa Congress (4-11 April 1872) and Lafargue's reports in the Liberté; Bakunin's letters to Mora and Lorenzo (April-May 1872); 12. The Belgian rules project and the Fictitious Splits; Fictitious Splits in the International by Marx and Engels; Bakunin's third strategy: open criticism of Marx; Debate over the Belgian rules project and the second Belgian federal congress (14 July 1872)
Summary The First Socialist Schism chronicles the conflicts in the International Working Men's Association (First International, 1864-1877), which represents an important milestone in the history of political ideas and socialist theory. The separate movements in the International--which would later develop into social democracy, communism, and anarchism--found their greatest advocates in Mikhail Bakunin and Karl Marx. What made the conflict between Bakunin and Marx so important was that it heralded the first socialist schism between parliamentary party politics aiming to conquer political power and social-revolutionary concepts. Instead of focusing exclusively on what Marx and Bakunin said, many other contributions to this debate are examined, making this the first reconstruction of a dispute that gripped the entire organization. This book also provides the first detailed account of the International's Congress of The Hague (September, 1872), famous for the expulsion of Bakunin; including the background, the sequence of events, and international reaction. The book sets new standards when it comes to source material, taking into account documents from numerous archives and libraries that have previously gone unnoticed or were completely unknown
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version of record
Subject Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich, 1814-1876.
Marx, Karl, 1818-1883.
SUBJECT Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich, 1814-1876 fast
Marx, Karl, 1818-1883 fast
Subject International Workingmen's Association (1864-1876)
SUBJECT International Workingmen's Association (1864-1876) fast
Subject Socialism -- History -- 19th century
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Ideologies -- Communism & Socialism.
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
Author Homsi, Robert M., translator
ISBN 9781629633107