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Author Davis, James

Title Lex Talionis in Early Judaism and the Exhortation of Jesus in Matthew 5.38-42
Published London : Bloomsbury Publishing, 2005


Description 1 online resource (209 pages)
Series The Library of New Testament Studies
Library of New Testament studies.
Contents 880-01 Cover; Contents; Foreword; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION; The Problem Stated; The Need for this Study; The Lex Talionis and Judaism; The Lex Talionis and Jesus'' Teaching; The Lex Talionis and the Church; The Method and Overview of this Study; Chapter 2 LEX TALIONIS IN RECENT INTERPRETATION; Benno Jacob; Louis Finkelstein; David Daube; Robert Tannehill; John Piper; Robert Geulich; D.A. Carson; Harvey Kugelmass; Ulrich Luz; Richard Horsley; Walter Wink; W.D. Davies and Dale C. Allison; Raphaël Draï; Dorothy Jean Weaver; Hans Dieter Betz; Craig S. Keener; Conclusion
880-01/(S Chapter 3 LEX TALIONIS IN THE OLD TESTAMENTPrimary Texts; Exodus 21.22-27; Leviticus 24.17-22; Deuteronomy 19.15-21; Secondary Texts; Conclusion; Chapter 4 LEX TALIONIS IN EARLY JUDAISM; The Apocrypha; Qumran; The Pseudepigrapha; Philo; Josephus; The Mishnah and Tosefta; The Targums; The Midrashim; The Palestinian Talmud; The Babylonian Talmud; R. Eliezer; The Roman Lex Talionis; Conclusion; Summary Table of B. Baba Qamma 83b-84a; Chapter 5 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT OF MATTHEW 5.39-42; Resistance and Meaning of αν́θισ́τημι; Other Examples of Resistance Texts in Early Judaism
Laws of Insult in Early JudaismLawsuits over Personal Property; Commandeering under Roman Rule; Financial Requests; Conclusion; Chapter 6 AN EXEGESIS OF MATTHEW 5.38-42; Context and Audience of the Sermon on the Mount; Translation and Text of Matthew 5.38-42; Exegesis of Verse 38; Exegesis of Verse 39; Exegesis of Verse 40; Exegesis of Verse 41; Exegesis of Verse 42; Correlation with Luke 6.29-30; Correlation with the Didache; Conclusion; Chapter 7 CORRELATION OF MATTHEW 5.38-42; Relation of Jesus'' Statement to the Old Testament; Relation of Jesus'' Statement to Early Judaism
Relation of Jesus'' Statement to HimselfRelation of Jesus'' Statement to His Disciples; Teaching and Examples from the New Testament; Teaching and Examples from Early Church History; Conclusion; Chapter 8 FINAL CONCLUSIONS; Appendix; Bibliography; Index of References; Index of Authors; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; J; K; L; M; N; P; R; S; T; W; Y
Summary In Matthew 5:38-42, Jesus overrides the Old Testament teaching of ''an eye for eye and a tooth for a tooth'' - the Lex Talionis law - and commands his disciples to turn the other cheek. James Davis asks how Jesus'' teaching in this instance relates to the Old Testament talionic commands, how it relates to New Testament era Judaism and what Jesus required from his disciples and the church. Based on the Old Testament texts such as Leviticus 24, Exodus 22 and Deuteronomy 19, a strong case can be made that the Lex Talionis law was understood to have a literal application there are several texts t
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 173-182) and indexes
Notes Print version record
Subject Bible. Matthew, V, 38-42 -- Commentaries
Lex talionis (Jewish law)
RELIGION -- Biblical Studies -- Jesus, the Gospels & Acts.
RELIGION -- Biblical Studies -- New Testament.
Lex talionis (Jewish law)
Genre/Form Commentaries.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780567362117