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Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy, and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database.

Title Ballistic imaging / Committee to Assess the Feasibility, Accuracy, and Technical Capability of a National Ballistics Database ; Daniel L. Cork [and others], editors
Published Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 2008


Description 1 online resource (xxi, 322 pages) : illustrations
Contents pt. 1. Context for ballistic imaging analysis -- Introduction -- Firearms and ammunition : physics, manufacturing, and sources of variability -- Firearms identification and the use of ballistic evidence -- pt. 2. Current ballistic imaging and databases -- Current ballistic imaging technology -- Current ballistic image databases : NIBIN and the state reference databases -- Operational and technical enhancements to NIBIN -- Three-dimensional measurement and ballistic imaging -- pt. 3. Implications for a national reference ballistic image database -- Experimental evidence on sources of variability and imaging standards -- Feasibility of a national reference ballistic image database -- pt. 4. Future directions -- Microstamping : alternative technology for tracing to point of sale -- Best standards for future developments in computer-assisted firearms identification
Summary Annotation Analysis of spent cartridge cases and bullets has been a staple of forensic criminal investigation for almost a century. Since the mid-1980s, computerized databases of images from pieces of ballistic evidence have been developed to help search for potential matches and investigative leads. Ballistic Imaging assesses the current state of ballistic imaging technology and reviews its current use by law enforcement. The report considers the feasibility, accuracy, and technical capability of a national reference ballistic image database including images from test firings of newly manufactured and imported firearms; the intent of such a reference database would be to generate investigative leads from evidence recovered at crime scenes to the place where the source firearm was sold. Ballistic Imaging examines specific improvements to the current technology, including changes from two-dimensional photography of evidence to three-dimensional surface measurement. The report also explores issues surrounding microstamping-the direct etching of known unique identifiers on firearm or ammunition parts-as an alternative approach to a reference ballistic image database. Book jacket
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 281-289) and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Forensic ballistics -- Atlases -- Data processing -- Government policy -- United States
Bullets -- Identification -- Databases
Images, Photographic -- Databases
Electronic records -- United States -- Management -- Data processing
LAW -- Forensic Science.
Bullets -- Identification
Forensic ballistics
Images, Photographic
United States
Genre/Form databases.
Bases de données.
Form Electronic book
Author Cork, Daniel L.
ISBN 0309117259