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Cells, Islet -- See Islets of Langerhans


Irregular microscopic structures consisting of cords of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the PANCREAS among the exocrine acini. Each islet is surrounded by connective tissue fibers and penetrated by a network of capillaries. There are four major cell types. The most abundant beta cells (50-80%) secrete INSULIN. Alpha cells (5-20%) secrete GLUCAGON. PP cells (10-35%) secrete PANCREATIC POLYPEPTIDE. Delta cells (̃5%) secrete SOMATOSTATIN
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Cells -- Juvenile literature.   3
Cells -- Laboratory manuals.   3
 

Cells, LE -- See Neutrophils


Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes
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Cells, Leydig -- See Leydig Cells


Steroid-producing cells in the interstitial tissue of the TESTIS. They are under the regulation of PITUITARY HORMONES; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; or interstitial cell-stimulating hormone. TESTOSTERONE is the major androgen (ANDROGENS) produced
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Cells, Lithium -- See Lithium cells


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Cells, Lithium ion -- See Lithium ion batteries


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Cells, Lymphatic Endothelial -- See Endothelial Cells


Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer
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Cells, Lymphoid -- See Lymphocytes


White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS
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Cells, Mast -- See Mast Cells


Granulated cells that are found in almost all tissues, most abundantly in the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. Like the BASOPHILS, mast cells contain large amounts of HISTAMINE and HEPARIN. Unlike basophils, mast cells normally remain in the tissues and do not circulate in the blood. Mast cells, derived from the bone marrow stem cells, are regulated by the STEM CELL FACTOR
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Cells -- Mathematical models : Modeling cellular systems / Frederik Graw, Franziska Matthäus, Jürgen Pahle, editors  2017 1
Cells -- Mechanical properties.   18
Cells -- Mechanical properties -- Computer simulation : Cell mechanics : from single scale-based models to multiscale modeling / edited by Arnaud Chauvière, Luigi Preziosi, and Claude Verdier  2010 1
Cells -- Mechanical properties -- Mathematical models : Cell mechanics : from single scale-based models to multiscale modeling / edited by Arnaud Chauvière, Luigi Preziosi, and Claude Verdier  2010 1
Cells -- Mechanical properties -- Periodicals   2
 

Cells, Mechanoreceptor -- See Mechanoreceptors


Cells specialized to transduce mechanical stimuli and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Mechanoreceptor cells include the INNER EAR hair cells, which mediate hearing and balance, and the various somatosensory receptors, often with non-neural accessory structures
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Cells [MESH] : Essential cell biology : an introduction to the molecular biology of the cell / Bruce Alberts ... [and others]  1998 1
 

Cells Metabolism -- See Cell metabolism


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Cells -- metabolism.   9
 

Cells, Microbial Fuel -- See Bioelectric Energy Sources


Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy
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Cells -- microbiology   5
Cells migration : Cell migration : signalling and mechanisms / volume editors, Frank Entschladen, Kurt S. Zänker  2010 1
Cells -- Models. : Plant cell  2008 1
Cells -- Morphology.   4
Cells -- Morphology -- Congresses.   4
Cells -- Morphology -- Mathematics : Biomathematics : mathematics of biostructures and biodynamics / Sten Andersson [and others]  1999 1
Cells -- Morphology -- Periodicals : Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology (Online)    1
 

Cells, Mother -- See Stem Cells


Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells
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Cells Motility -- See Also the narrower term Cilia and ciliary motion


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Cells -- Motility.   8
Cells -- Motility -- Congresses.   3
Cells -- Motility -- Periodicals   3
 

Cells Movement -- See Cells Motility


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Cells, Multinucleated Giant -- See Giant Cells


Multinucleated masses produced by the fusion of many cells; often associated with viral infections. In AIDS, they are induced when the envelope glycoprotein of the HIV virus binds to the CD4 antigen of uninfected neighboring T4 cells. The resulting syncytium leads to cell death and thus may account for the cytopathic effect of the virus
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Cells, Myeloid -- See Myeloid Cells


The classes of BONE MARROW-derived blood cells in the monocytic series (MONOCYTES and their precursors) and granulocytic series (GRANULOCYTES and their precursors)
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Cells, Natural Killer -- See Killer Cells, Natural


Bone marrow-derived lymphocytes that possess cytotoxic properties, classically directed against transformed and virus-infected cells. Unlike T CELLS; and B CELLS; NK CELLS are not antigen specific. The cytotoxicity of natural killer cells is determined by the collective signaling of an array of inhibitory and stimulatory CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. A subset of T-LYMPHOCYTES referred to as NATURAL KILLER T CELLS shares some of the properties of this cell type
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Cells, Neoplasm Circulating -- See Neoplastic Cells, Circulating


Exfoliate neoplastic cells circulating in the blood and associated with metastasizing tumors
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Cells, Neoplastic Stem -- See Neoplastic Stem Cells


Highly proliferative, self-renewing, and colony-forming stem cells which give rise to NEOPLASMS
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Cells, Nerve -- See Neurons


The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM
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Cells, Neural Crest -- See Neural Crest


The two longitudinal ridges along the PRIMITIVE STREAK appearing near the end of GASTRULATION during development of nervous system (NEURULATION). The ridges are formed by folding of NEURAL PLATE. Between the ridges is a neural groove which deepens as the fold become elevated. When the folds meet at midline, the groove becomes a closed tube, the NEURAL TUBE
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Cells, Neural Stem -- See Neural Stem Cells


Self-renewing cells that generate the main phenotypes of the nervous system in both the embryo and adult. Neural stem cells are precursors to both NEURONS and NEUROGLIA
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Cells, Neuroglial -- See Neuroglia


The non-neuronal cells of the nervous system. They not only provide physical support, but also respond to injury, regulate the ionic and chemical composition of the extracellular milieu, participate in the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER, form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, guide neuronal migration during development, and exchange metabolites with neurons. Neuroglia have high-affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitters, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is unclear
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Cells, NK -- See Killer Cells, Natural


Bone marrow-derived lymphocytes that possess cytotoxic properties, classically directed against transformed and virus-infected cells. Unlike T CELLS; and B CELLS; NK CELLS are not antigen specific. The cytotoxicity of natural killer cells is determined by the collective signaling of an array of inhibitory and stimulatory CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. A subset of T-LYMPHOCYTES referred to as NATURAL KILLER T CELLS shares some of the properties of this cell type
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Cells of Corti -- See Hair cells


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Cells of hermits -- See Hermitages


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Cells of Sertoli -- See Sertoli cells


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Cells -- pathology   17
Cells -- Periodicals   15
 

Cells Permeability -- See Also the narrower term Ionophores


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Cells -- Permeability.   8
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