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Author Brayne, Sarah

Title Predict and Surveil : Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing / Sarah Brayne
Edition 1
Published New York : Oxford University Press, 2020


Description 1 online resource
Contents Introduction -- Policing by the Numbers: The History of Police Data and the Growing Role of the Private Sector -- Dragnet Surveillance: Policing our Digital Traces -- Directed Surveillance: Predictive Policing and the Quantification of Criminal Risk -- Police Pushback: When the Observer Becomes the Observed -- (De)Coding Inequality: The Promises and Perils of Police Use of Big Data -- Algorithmic Suspicion and Big Data Searches: How Laws are Anachronistic and Inadequate for Governing Police Work in the Digital Age -- Conclusion: Big Data as Social
Summary The scope of criminal justice surveillance has expanded rapidly in recent decades. At the same time, the use of big data has spread across a range of fields, including finance, politics, healthcare, and marketing. While law enforcement's use of big data is hotly contested, very little is known about how the police actually use it in daily operations and with what consequences. In Predict and Surveil, Sarah Brayne offers an unprecedented, inside look at how police use big data and new surveillance technologies, leveraging on-the-ground fieldwork with one of the most technologically advanced law enforcement agencies in the world--the Los Angeles Police Department. Drawing on original interviews and ethnographic observations, Brayne examines the causes and consequences of algorithmic control. She reveals how the police use predictive analytics to deploy resources, identify suspects, and conduct investigations; how the adoption of big data analytics transforms police organizational practices; and how the police themselves respond to these new data-intensive practices. Although big data analytics holds potential to reduce bias and increase efficiency, Brayne argues that it also reproduces and deepens existing patterns of social inequality, threatens privacy, and challenges civil liberties. A groundbreaking examination of the growing role of the private sector in public policing, this book challenges the way we think about the data-heavy supervision law enforcement increasingly imposes upon civilians in the name of objectivity, efficiency, and public safety
Notes Vendor-supplied metadata
Subject Los Angeles (Calif.). Police Department.
Los Angeles (Calif.). Police Department.
Police -- Data processing
Crime analysis -- Data processing
Crime forecasting -- Statistical methods
Criminal behavior, Prediction of -- Statistical methods
Big data -- Social aspects
Big data -- Social aspects.
Crime analysis -- Data processing.
Criminal behavior, Prediction of -- Statistical methods.
Police -- Data processing.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780190684112