Limit search to available items
Book Cover
Author Penner, Ken M., author

Title The verbal system of the Dead Sea scrolls : tense, aspect, and modality in Qumran Hebrew texts / by Ken M. Penner
Published Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2015]


Description 1 online resource
Series Studia Semitica Neerlandica, 0081-6914 ; Volume 64
Studia Semitica Neerlandica ; Volume 64.
Contents Preface; List of Tables and Figures; Chapter 1 Hebrew Tense and Aspect; 1.1 Tense, Aspect, and Modality; 1.1.1 The Event Model; Standard View of Tense: Comrie; Standard View of Aspect: Comrie; Standard View of Modality: Palmer; 1.2 Survey of Linguistic Studies of Qumran Hebrew; 1.2.1 Early Studies of 1QIsaa; 1.2.2 Murtonen; 1.2.3 G.R. Driver; 1.2.4 De Vries; 1.2.5 Kesterson; 1.2.6 Thorion-Vardi; 1.2.7 Vegas Montaner; 1.2.8 Smith; 1.2.9 Qimron; 1.2.10 Zuber; 1.2.11 Abegg; 1.2.12 Margain; 1.2.13 Holst; 1.2.14 Geiger
1.3 Selected Work on Biblical Hebrew Tense, Aspect, and Mood1.3.1 Absolute Tense Models; 1.3.2 Relative Tense Models; 1.3.3 Aspect Models; The Origin of the Aspect Model; Modern Revisions of the Aspect Model; 1.3.4 Modality Models; Zuber; Hatav; Joosten; Summary of Modality Models; 1.3.5 The Panchronic Model; 1.3.6 Discourse Analysis; 1.3.7 Summary of Selected Work on Biblical Hebrew; 1.4 The Transition from Biblical to Qumran Hebrew; 1.4.1 Developments in Late Biblical Hebrew; 1.4.2 Ben Sira; 1.4.3 Scribal Modernization; 1.5 Summary
Chapter 2 Methodology2.1 Methodological Issues; 2.1.1 Encoding; 2.1.2 Synchronic or Diachronic? Language Change; 2.1.3 Empirical or Theoretical? Natural Language Acquisition; 2.1.4 Corpus Selection; 2.1.5 Quantifiable Bidirectional Correlations; 2.1.6 Determining Tense, Aspect, and Mood Using the Event Model; Hebrew Tense: Revell; Hebrew Aspect: Garr; Hatav on Modality; The Methodological Utility of an Event Model; 2.1.7 Reducing the Impact of Equivocal Data; 2.2 Practical Method; 2.2.1 Tagging; Formal Features; Semantic Functions Tagging a Sample Text: A Walkthrough2.2.2 Analysis and Synthesis; Most Common; General Tabulation; Conditioned Tabulation; The Forms for Each Function; The Functions for Each Form; Exceptions to the TAM Overlap; Ambiguous Data; 2.3 Summary of Methodology; Chapter 3 Analysis and Synthesis; 3.1 Analysis; 3.1.1 General Tabulation and Most Common Forms; 3.1.1 General Tabulation and Most Common Forms; 3.1.2 Conditioned Tabulation; Conditions Effecting Qualitative Change; Conditions Quantitatively Affecting Correlations Conditions with No Significant Effect3.1.3 The Unconditioned Clause; Dynamic; Stative; 3.2 Synthesis; 3.2.1 Conversive / Consecutive / Relative Forms; 3.2.2 Arbitration; 3.3 Findings; 3.4 Synchronic Comparison: The Distinctiveness of 4QMMT's Language; Chapter 4 Application of Findings; 4.1 Realized or Future Salvation in the Hodayot; 4.1.1 The Problem; 4.1.2 1QHA 11:20-37 (= Sukenik 3:19-36); 4.1.3 The Essence of the Disagreement; Kuhn's Argument for Present-Realized Salvation; Puech's Argument for Future-Expected Salvation
Summary "In Verbs in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Tense, Aspect, or Mood? Ken M. Penner determines whether Qumran Hebrew finite verbs are primarily temporal, aspectual, or modal. Standard grammars claim Hebrew was aspect-prominent in the Bible, and tense-prominent in the Mishnah. But the semantic value of the verb forms in the intervening period in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were written has remained controversial. Penner answers the question of Qumran Hebrew verb form semantics using an empirical method: a database calculating the correlation between each form and each function, establishing that the ancient author's selection of verb form is determined not by aspect, but by tense or modality. Penner then applies these findings to controversial interpretations of three Qumran texts"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
SUBJECT Dead Sea scrolls -- Language, style
Dead Sea scrolls fast
Subject Hebrew language -- Verb
Hebrew language -- Grammar
Language and languages -- Style
Hebrew language -- Grammar
Hebrew language -- Verb
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9789004298446