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Title Pediatric elbow fractures : a clinical guide to management / Joshua M. Abzug, Martin J. Herman, Scott Kozin, editors
Published Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2018


Description 1 online resource (x, 257 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Contents Intro; Preface; Contents; Contributors; Part I: Anatomy, Examination and Imaging of the Pediatric Elbow; 1: Anatomy and Development of the Pediatric Elbow; Introduction; Background: Elbow Development; Motion; Specific Development and Anatomy; Bony Anatomy; Anatomy: Muscles and Ligaments; Centers of Ossification; Soft Tissue; Nerve Anatomy; Vascular Anatomy; References; 2: Physical Examination of the Pediatric Elbow; Pediatric Elbow Injuries; Clinical Assessment; The History; Acute Injury; Chronic Injury; Physical Examination of the Injured Arm; Observation and Inspection; Palpation
Provocative ManeuversThe Posterior Elbow; Range of Motion and Stability; Stability Tests; Neurovascular Assessment; Motor Testing; Sensory Exam; Vascular Exam; Summary; References; 3: Radiographic Evaluation of the Pediatric Elbow; Introduction; Basic Anatomy; Bony Anatomy; Soft Tissue Anatomy; Ossification Patterns of the Immature Elbow; Radiographs of the Pediatric Elbow; X-Ray Views; Positioning of the Limb; Relevant Radiographic Signs and Measurements; Findings on the Lateral View; Fat Pad Signs; Anterior Fat Pad; Posterior Fat Pad; False-Negative Posterior Fat Pad Sign
Anterior Humeral Line (AHL)Radiocapitellar Line; Findings on the Anteroposterior View; Humeroulnar Line; Baumann's Angle (Humerocapitellar Angle); Normal Variants Misinterpreted as Fractures; Lateral Condyle Ossification; Medial Epicondyle Ossification; Fragmented Trochlea; Proximal Ulnar Apophysis; Proximal Ulnar Bow; References; Part II: Acute Injuries of the Pediatric Elbow; 4: Supracondylar Humerus Fractures; Introduction; Anatomy; Supracondylar Region; Classification; Mechanism of Injury; Extension Type; Flexion Type; Associated Injuries; Clinical Presentation; History; Physical Exam
ObservationVascular Assessment; Neurologic Assessment; Palpation; Radiographic Evaluation; Management; Initial Management; Non-operative Management; Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning; Indications; Timing; Technique; Postoperative Care; Alternative Pin Constructs; Type IV Fractures; Flexion-Type Fractures; Management of the Pink Pulseless Limb; Open Reduction and Pinning; Indications; Technique; Complications; Vascular Injury; Compartment Syndrome; Neurologic Injury; Pin Site Infection; Pin Migration; Loss of Reduction; Cubitus Varus; Avascular Necrosis; Future Directions; References
5: Pediatric Distal Humerus Transphyseal FracturesIntroduction; Classification; Diagnosis; Physical Examination; Imaging; Nonsurgical Treatment; Surgical Treatment; Surgical Technique; Outcomes; Complications; Future Directions; References; 6: Lateral Condyle Fractures; Introduction; Epidemiology; Mechanism of Injury; Fracture Classification; Physical Exam; Radiographic Imaging; Plain Radiographs; Arthrography; Computed Tomography (CT) Scan; MRI and Ultrasound; Arthroscopy; Nonoperative Management; Indications; Upper Extremity Immobilization; Operative Management; Indications; Positioning
Summary This unique text focuses entirely on the treatment of pediatric elbow fractures, which encompass the vast majority of operative cases for pediatric fracture care, and which can be challenging to even the most experienced surgeon. The book opens with a survey of the basic anatomy and development of the elbow, as well as examination and imaging techniques. Both acute and chronic fractures are then discussed in detail, beginning with a brief outline of the epidemiology, classification, and work-up of each fracture, but the main focus will be on providing a master's approach to the surgical treatment of these injuries, including supracondylar fractures, capitellar shear fractures, elbow dislocations, Monteggia fracture dislocations, and cubitus varus and valgus, among others. Numerous photographs, figures and videos will enable the orthopedic surgeon, hand surgeon, and trauma surgeon to be fully prepared to treat any of these fractures
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed March 7, 2018)
Subject Elbow -- Fractures.
Fractures in children.
Orthopedic surgery.
Elbow -- injuries
Fractures, Bone -- surgery
Orthopedic Procedures
Humerus -- injuries
children (people by age group)
Paediatric medicine.
Orthopaedics & fractures.
MEDICAL -- Surgery -- General.
Orthopedic surgery
Elbow -- Fractures
Fractures in children
Form Electronic book
Author Abzug, Joshua M., editor.
Herman, Martin J., editor.
Kozin, Scott H., editor.
ISBN 9783319680040