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Title Diversity in barley : (Hordeum vulgare) / Roland von Bothmer [and others]
Edition 1st ed
Published Amsterdam ; Boston : Elsevier, 2003


Description 1 online resource (xvii, 280 pages) : illustrations (some color), maps
Series Developments in plant genetics and breeding ; 7
Developments in plant genetics and breeding ; 7.
Contents Cover -- Contributors -- Contents -- Preface -- Contributors -- Section I: Introduction -- Chapter 1. Barley diversity- an introduction -- Biodiversity -- a matter of global concern -- Importance of barley -- Components of the book -- Conventions -- Closing remarks -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Section II: Origin of Barley Diversity -- Chapter 2. The domestication of cultivated barley -- Taxonomic position of barley -- The genus Hordeum and the genepools of barley -- The wild progenitor of barley -- The domestication of barley -- Theories of domestication -- Expansion of barley cultivation during prehistoric times -- Important traits for domestication and early migration -- Conclusions and outlook -- References -- Chapter 3. Diversification through breeding -- Introduction -- Expansion of barley cultivation through history -- Barley breeding -- Measuring genetic diversity -- Conclusions and outlook -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Section III: Current Barley Diversity -- Chapter 4. Ecogeographical diversity -- a Vavilovian approach -- Introduction -- Characters used for the delimitation and description of agro-ecological groups -- Centres of diversity and agro-ecological groups -- Conclusions and outlook -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 5. Diversity of barley mutants -- Introduction -- Sources of hereditary variation -- Naming and grouping of barley mutants -- Descriptions of different mutant groups -- Environmental stress responses -- Nutritional quality factors -- Conclusions and outlook -- References -- Chapter 6. Cytogenetic diversity -- Introduction -- General karyotype variation -- Chromosome structural variation -- Molecular cytogenetic variation -- Conclusions and outlook -- References -- Chapter 7. Molecular diversity of the barley genome -- Introduction -- Isozymes -- Hordeins -- DNA Markers -- Conclusions and outlook -- References -- Chapter 8. Diversity in resistance to biotic stresses -- Introduction -- Terminology -- Diversity in resistance to fungal diseases -- Diversity in resistance and tolerance to virus diseases -- Diversity in resistance to pests and nematodes -- Conclusions and outlook -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 9. Diversity in abiotic stress tolerances -- Introduction -- Drought tolerance -- Winter hardiness -- Flooding tolerance -- Tolerance to pre-harvest sprouting -- Deep-seeding tolerance -- Salinity tolerance -- Acid and alkaline soils and tolerance to heavy metals -- Conclusions and outlook -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 10. Genetic diversity for quantitatively inherited agronomic and malting quality traits -- Introduction -- Agronomic traits -- Malting quality traits -- Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) -- Conclusions and outlook -- References -- Section IV: Conservation and Future Utilization of Barley -- Chapter 11. Detecting diversity -- a new holistic, exploratory approach bridging phenotype and genotype -- Introduction -- Plant breeding as a multidisciplinary technology -- Screening method
Summary Genetic diversity is one of the main resources sustaining human life. Food security largely depends on the availability and utilization of this diversity, which is of strategic importance for countries and companies. Conservation and utilization of biodiversity is thus currently an urgent area of global debate and concern. Barley is a major crop in the world used for food, feed and malt, and with a wide religious and ethnic importance. The crop was domesticated in Neolithic time in SW Asia and spread rapidly under cultivation to new areas. Nowadays it is one of the most widespread and widely adapted crops grown under contrasting edaphic conditions. Adaptations to new environments, different agricultural practices and selection for different uses have further added to the complex diversity pattern. Is it at all possible to give a complete picture of the diversity in a crop or wild species? Are we, by adding new technologies, only revealing parts of the diversity? Do different sets of data show similar or conflicting pictures of genetic diversity? Will the large genome size reduce the role of barley as a model organism in these current sequencing days? Or, are there still major reasons to continue to work with this beautiful crop? The aim of this book is to cover the complex issue of diversification in time and space in a single crop: barley. Leading scientists from various fields describe the entire variation pattern in different sets of characters and an attempt is made for a synthesis to a holistic picture. The book proposes ways to use the achievements of diversity studies in future research and breeding programmes
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
Subject Barley -- Germplasm resources
Plant diversity.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Agriculture -- Agronomy -- Crop Science.
Barley -- Germplasm resources.
Plant diversity.
Genetische Variabilit├Ąt
Genre/Form Aufsatzsammlung.
Form Electronic book
Author Bothmer, Roland von.
ISBN 9780444505859