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Book Cover
Author Bar-Joseph, Uri, author

Title Intelligence success and failure : the human factor / Uri Bar-Joseph and Rose McDermott
Published New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2017]


Description 1 online resource (262 pages)
Contents Introduction -- Part I. The Theoretical Framework. 1. Surprise Attack: A Framework for Discussion -- 2. Examining the Learning Process -- Part II. The Empirical Evidence. 3. The First Dyad: Barbarossa and the Battle for Moscow -- Case Study I. The Failure -- Case Study II. Success: The Battle for Moscow -- 4. The Second Dyad: The USA in the Korean War -- Case study I. Failing to Forecast the War -- Case Study II. Failure II: The Chinese Intervention of Fall 1950 -- 5. The Third Dyad: Intelligence Failure and Success in the War of Yom Kippur -- Case Study I. The Failure -- Case Study II. The Success -- 6. Conclusions
Summary "The study of strategic surprise has consistently concentrated on important failures that resulted in catastrophes such as Pearl Harbor, Barbarossa, and the September 11th attack. Intelligence Success and Failure challenges the assertion that such failures result from defective information-processing systems. Further, it approaches this topic uniquely by highlighting the successful cases of strategic surprise, as well as the failures, from a psychological perspective. This book delineates the critical role of individual psychopathologies in precipitating failure by investigating important historical cases. Uri Bar-Joseph and Rose McDermott use six military attacks as examples for their analysis, including: "Barbarossa," the June 1941 German invasion of the USSR (failure); the fall-winter 1941 battle for Moscow (success); the Arab attack on Israel on Yom Kippur 1973 (failure); and the second Egyptian offensive in the war six days later (success). From these specific cases and others, Bar-Joseph and McDermott analyze the psychological mechanisms through which leaders assess their own fatal mistakes and use the intelligence available to them. They examine the factors that contribute to failure and success in responding to strategic surprise and identify the learning process that central decision makers engage with for subsequent successes. Intelligence Success and Failure presents a new theory in the study of strategic surprise that claims the key explanation for warning failure is not unintentional action, but rather, motivated biases in key intelligence and central leaders that null any sense of doubt prior to surprise attacks"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Military intelligence -- Decision making -- Psychological aspects
Surprise (Military science)
World War, 1939-1945 -- Military intelligence -- Soviet Union
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Military intelligence -- United States
Israel-Arab War, 1973 -- Military intelligence -- Israel
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Freedom & Security -- Intelligence.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Freedom & Security -- International Security.
PSYCHOLOGY -- General.
HISTORY -- Military -- Other.
Military intelligence
Surprise (Military science)
Soviet Union
United States
Form Electronic book
Author McDermott, Rose, 1962- author.
ISBN 9780199341757