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Book Cover
Author Le, Hue, author

Title Competing for land, mangroves and marine resources in coastal Vietnam / Hue Le
Published Dordrecht : Springer, [2021]


Description 1 online resource (185 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Series MARE publication series ; volume 24
MARE publication series ; no. 24.
Contents Intro -- Series Editors' Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Figures -- Abbreviations -- Chapter 1: Introduction: Mangrove Systems Facing Enclosures, Markets, and Social Inequality -- 1.1 The Global Importance of Mangroves -- 1.2 Mangroves at Risk -- 1.3 Argument of the Book -- 1.4 Theoretical Background -- 1.5 Conservation Challenges as a Result of Pressures -- 1.6 The Study Area -- 1.7 Structure of the Book -- References -- Chapter 2: Early History of Mangrove Management in Giao Lạc -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Land and Society in Precolonial Vietnam
2.2.1 Creating a New Village: Establishment of Thiện Hương -- 2.2.2 Social Structure in the New Village-Duplication of the Old Village -- 2.2.3 Changes in Land Distribution and Tax Burden -- 2.2.4 Management of Mangroves in the Precolonial Period -- 2.2.5 Social Differentiation in the Precolonial Village -- 2.3 The French Colonial Era: Impacts on Land and Society -- 2.3.1 Changes in Land Tenure Under French Colonialism -- 2.3.2 Land Ownership and Taxes in Thiện Hương -- 2.3.3 Mangrove Management in the French Colonial Era -- 2.3.4 Class Differentiation Under the French
2.4 The Resistance War Period (1946-1954) -- 2.4.1 The Japanese Occupation and the 1945 Famine -- Rise of the Việt Minh -- Mangrove Forests Under the Provisional Government -- 2.4.2 The Return of the French to Thiện Hương (1949-1953) -- Establishment of Giao Đồng Lạc and Liberation of Thiện Hương -- Mangrove Forest Management Under Conflicted Vietnam -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3: Socialism, Cooperatives, and Mangrove Management in Giao Lạc (1954-1985) -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Land Reform in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
3.3 Land Reform in Giao Đồng Lạc -- 3.4 From Mutual Aid Team to High-Level Cooperatives (1956-1975) -- 3.4.1 Low-Level Cooperatives (Hợp tác xã cấp thấp) (1958-1960) -- 3.4.2 High-Level Cooperatives (Hợp tác xã cấp Cao) (1960-1989) -- 3.4.3 The Cooperative During Wartime -- 3.4.4 Troubles in the Cooperatives (1968-1975) -- Villagers' Resistance -- 3.4.5 Mangrove Forests and the Market -- Breakdown of the Commons' Management -- Commercialization of Mangrove Products -- Clearing Mangroves for Land -- 3.5 The Postwar Period and the Reform Process (1976-1980)
3.6 The Reform Process (1981-1985) -- 3.6.1 New Commercial Pressures on Mangroves -- 3.6.2 Social Differentiation Outcomes -- 3.6.3 Role of Gender -- 3.7 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4: Impacts of Economic Renovation on Households and Coastal Ecosystems -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Renovation Reforms-A Return to the Household -- 4.3 Household Livelihoods and Dependence on Open-Access Resources -- 4.3.1 Collection of Marine Products -- 4.3.2 Impact of Đổi mới on Mangroves, Mudflats, and Other Coastal Resources -- Enclosure Movement 1: Shrimp Farming -- Livelihoods from Shrimp Farming
Summary This book presents a historical and ethnographic study of changing mangrove management in northern Vietnam over the past 100 years, grounded in a case study in the Red River Delta in northern Vietnam. The book shows that three primary socio-economic dynamics have affected mangroves: enclosure movements that have restricted access by different user communities over time, such as the exclusion of women; changing valuation of mangroves and their products and services; and social and class differentiation caused by privatization of once common resources. The result of these pressures have been erosions of norms, rules, and collective action to protect and nurture mangroves, leading to widespread loss of coastal forests. Sustainable mangrove management will require attention to these dynamics to address current-day land conflicts. The book will be of interest to policy-makers, practitioners, and academics and students in forest policy, management and governance; rural livelihoods; and globalization and agrarian change
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Print version record
Subject Mangrove management -- Vietnam -- Red River Delta
Mangrove forests -- Multiple use -- Vietnam -- Red River Delta
Mangrove forests -- Multiple use
Mangrove management
Vietnam -- Red River Delta
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9789402421095