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Author Farmer, Sharon A., author

Title Communities of Saint Martin : legend and ritual in medieval Tours / Sharon Farmer
Published Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 1991


Description 1 online resource
Contents Frontmatter -- Contents -- Illustrations -- Tables -- Preface -- Introduction -- PART I. Martin's Town: From Unity to Duality -- Introduction -- 1. Martinopolis (ca. 37I-I050) -- 2. Excluding the Center: Monastic Exemption and Liturgical Realignment in Tours -- PART 2. Marmoutier -- Introduction -- 3. History, Legitimacy, and Motivation in Marmoutier's Literature for the Angevins -- 4. Marmoutier and the Salvation of the Counts of Blois -- 5. Individual Motivation, Collective Responsibility: Reinforcing Bonds of Community -- 6. Preservation through Time: Historical Consciousness at Marmoutier -- PART 3. The Chapter of Saint-Martin -- Introduction -- 7. The Corporate Identity of the Canons of Saint-Martin -- 8. Saint Martin's Diocese: The Appropriation of Episcopal Symbols -- 9. Martin's New Town: Dominance and Resistance in Chateauneuf -- Conclusion -- Source Appendix -- Abbreviations -- Bibliography -- Index
Summary Sharon Farmer here investigates the ways in which three medieval communities-the town of Tours, the basilica of Saint-Martin there, and the abbey of Marmoutier nearby-all defined themselves through the cult of Saint Martin. She demonstrates how in the early Middle Ages the bishops of Tours used the cult of Martin, their fourthcentury predecessor, to shape an idealized image of Tours as Martin's town. As the heirs to Martin's see, the bishops projected themselves as the rightful leaders of the community. However, in the late eleventh century, she shows, the canons of Saint-Martin (where the saint's relics resided) and the monks of Marmoutier (which Martin had founded) took control of the cult and produced new legends and rituals to strengthen their corporate interests. Since the basilica and the abbey differed in their spiritualities, structures, and external ties, the canons and monks elaborated and manipulated Martin's cult in quite different ways. Farmer shows how one saint's cult lent itself to these varying uses, and analyzes the strikingly dissimilar Martins that emerged. Her skillful inquiry into the relationship between group identity and cultural expression illuminates the degree to which culture is contested territory. Farmer's rich blend of social history and hagiography will appeal to a wide range of medievalists, cultural anthropologists, religious historians, and urban historians
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 321-351) and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Description based on print version record
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SUBJECT Martin, Saint, Bishop of Tours, approximately 316-397 -- Cult -- France -- Tours
Martin, Saint, Bishop of Tours, approximately 316-397 -- Cult -- France -- Tours
Martin, Saint, Bishop of Tours, approximately 316-397. fast (OCoLC)fst01833148
Martin (von Tours) swd
Subject Basilique Saint-Martin de Tours -- History
Marmoutier (Abbey : Tours, France) -- History
SUBJECT Basilique Saint-Martin de Tours. fast (OCoLC)fst00635986
Marmoutier (Abbey : Tours, France) fast (OCoLC)fst00658090
Subject Christian saints -- Cult -- History of doctrines -- Middle Ages, 600-1500
Christian saints -- Cult -- History of doctrines -- Middle Ages.
Geschichte 371-1500.
SUBJECT Tours (France) -- Church history
Subject France -- Tours.
Genre/Form Church history.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2019724585
ISBN 9781501740619
Other Titles Communities of St. Martin