Limit search to available items
Book Cover
Author Matthiesen, Toby, 1984- author.

Title The Caliph and the Imam : the making of Sunnism and Shiism / Toby Matthiesen
Published New York, NY, United States of America : Oxford University Press, [2023]


Description 1 online resource (xii, 926 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates) : illustrations (some color), maps
Contents Cover -- THE CALIPH AND THE IMAM: The Making of Sunnism and Shiism -- Dedication -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Plates -- List of Maps -- Note on Spelling and Transliterations -- Prologue: From Karbala to Damascus -- PART I: The Formation of Sunnism and Shiism, 632-1500 -- 1: After the Prophet -- 2: Sunni Reassertion and the Crusades -- 3: Polemics and Confessional Ambiguity -- PART II: The Shaping of Muslim Empires, 1500-1800 -- 4: The Age of Confessionalisation -- 5: Muslim Dynasties on the Indian Subcontinent -- 6: Reform and Reinvention in the Eighteenth Century
PART III: Empire and the State, 1800-1979 -- 7: British India and Orientalism -- 8: Ottoman Reorganisation and European Intervention -- 9: The Mandates -- 10: The Muslim Response -- PART IV: Revolution and Rivalry, 1979- -- 11: The Religion of Martyrdom -- 12: Export and Containment of Revolution -- 13: Regime Change -- 14: The Arab Uprisings -- Conclusion: Every Place is Karbala -- Endnotes -- Prologue -- Chapter 1 -- Chapter 2 -- Chapter 3 -- Chapter 4 -- Chapter 5 -- Chapter 6 -- Chapter 7 -- Chapter 8 -- Chapter 9 -- Chapter 10 -- Chapter 11 -- Chapter 12 -- Chapter 13 -- Chapter 14
Conclusion -- Bibliography -- Interviews -- Journals -- Websites -- Unpublished PhDs -- Unpublished Masters -- Reports -- Bibliography Entries -- Encyclopedia Entries -- Books and Articles -- News Sources -- Think Tank Publications -- Index
Summary The authoritative account of Islam's schism that for centuries has shaped events in the Middle East and the Islamic world. In 632, soon after the Prophet Muhammad died, a struggle broke out among his followers as to who would succeed him. Most Muslims argued that the leader of Islam should be elected by the community's elite and rule as Caliph. They would later become the Sunnis. Others?who would become known as the Shia?believed that Muhammad had designated his cousin and son-in-law Ali as his successor, and that henceforth Ali's offspring should lead as Imams. This dispute over who should guide Muslims, the Caliph or the Imam, marks the origin of the Sunni-Shii split in Islam. Toby Matthiesen explores this hugely significant division from its origins to the present day. Moving chronologically, his book sheds light on the many ways that it has shaped the Islamic world, outlining how over the centuries Sunnism and Shiism became Islam's two main branches, and how Muslim Empires embraced specific sectarian identities. Focussing on connections between the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East, it reveals how colonial rule and the modern state institutionalised sectarian divisions and at the same time led to pan-Islamic resistance and Sunni and Shii revivalism. It then focuses on the fall-out from the 1979 revolution in Iran and the US-led military intervention in Iraq. As Matthiesen shows, however, though Sunnism and Shiism have had a long and antagonistic history, most Muslims have led lives characterised by confessional ambiguity and peaceful co-existence. Tensions arise when sectarian identity becomes linked to politics. Based on a synthesis of decades of scholarship in numerous languages, The Caliph and the Imam will become the standard text for readers looking for a deeper understanding of contemporary sectarian conflict and its historical roots
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on online resource; title from home page (Oxford Academic, viewed January 29, 2024)
Subject Muḥammad, Prophet, -632 -- Death and burial
ʻĀʼishah, approximately 614-678
ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Caliph, approximately 600-661
ʻĀʼishah, approximately 614-678
ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Caliph, approximately 600-661
Muḥammad, Prophet, -632
Islam -- History.
Shīʻah -- Relations -- Sunnites.
Sunnites -- Relations -- Shīʻah.
Death and burial of a person
Interfaith relations
Religion & beliefs.
Genre/Form History
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9780197602195