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Book Cover
Author Grigas, Agnia, 1979-

Title Frozen conflicts A Tool Kit for US Policymakers / Agnia Grigas
Published Washington, D.C. : Atlantic Council, [2016]
Online access available from:
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Description 1 online resource (23 pages) : color illustrations, color photographs
Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS1 Introduction 1 Post-Soviet Frozen Manufacturing Frozen 7 Implications of Frozen Conflict Conditions 8 Policy Toward Frozen Conflicts 12 Policy Recommendations for the US Government and Congress About the Author
Summary INTRODUCTION. Since the 1990s, a number of separatist movements and conflicts have challenged the borders of the states of the former Soviet Union and created quasi-independent territories under Russian influence and control. Unrecognized by the international community but generally supported by Moscow, these so-called "frozen conflicts" include the regions of Transnistria in Moldova, Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan, and South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia. Since 2014, Russia's annexation of Crimea and the emergence of pro-Moscow separatist territories in eastern Ukraine--the so-called "people's republics" of Luhansk and Donetsk--created a new set of potential frozen conflicts. These seemingly disparate conflicts across different states are, in fact, inherently interconnected; together, they demonstrate a pattern of Russian foreign policy, which manufactures frozen conflicts as a means of increasing Moscow's long-term influence and leverage over target states in its near abroad. The resulting separatist territories create "gray zones" that are problematic for the international community and international law because they challenge the post-Cold War political order, destabilize Europe's frontier states, and because they are often used by local and transnational groups for money laundering, organized crime, and human and arms trafficking
Notes "July 2016"--Table of contents page
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (Atlantic Council, viewed September 21, 2016)
Subject NATO$XEastern Flank
Frozen conflicts
Nagorno Karabakh
South Ossetia
Transnistria (Ukraine : Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944)
Ukraine -- Transnistria Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944.
Form Electronic book
Author Atlantic Council of the United States. Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center
ISBN 1619774658