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Title Institutional design in new democracies : Eastern Europe and Latin America / edited by Arend Lijphart & Carlos H. Waisman
Published New York, NY ; Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018

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Description 1 online resource (284 pages)
Series Latin America in global perspective
Latin America in global perspective.
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; Tables and Figures; Acknowledgments; Acronyms; CHAPTER ONE: ContentsInstitutional Design and Democratization; PART ONE: THE DESIGN OF ELECTORAL SYSTEMS; CHAPTER TWO: Initiation of New Democratic Institutions in Eastern Europe and Latin America; CHAPTER THREE: Electoral Systems and Electoral Reform in Latin America; CHAPTER FOUR: Proportional Representation Versus Majoritarian Systems Free Elections and Political Parties in Poland, 1989-1991
CHAPTER FIVE: Electoral Engineering and Democratic Stability: The Legacy of Authoritarian Rule in ChilePART TWO: THE DESIGN OF EXECUTIVE-LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS; CHAPTER SIX: Executive-Legislative Relations in Crisis: Poland's Experience, 1989-1993; CHAPTER SEVEN: Parliamentarism in the Making: Crisis and Political Transformation in Hungary; CHAPTER EIGHT: Changing the Balance of Power in a Hegemonic Party System: The Case of Mexico; CHAPTER NINE: Hyperpresidentialism and Constitutional Reform in Argentina; PART THREE: THE DESIGN OF MARKET ECONOMIES
CHAPTER TEN: Privatization in Central Europe: Can It Be Designed?CHAPTER ELEVEN: Obstacles to Economic Reform in Brazil; CHAPTER TWELVE: The Multiple Roles of Privatization in Argentina; CHAPTER THIRTEEN: The Design of Democracies and Markets: Generalizing Across Regions; About the Book; About the Editors and Contributors; Index; Electoral system
Summary This volume focuses on the relationship between the tasks of institutional design and the outcomes of the process of economic and political liberalization in Latin America and in Central and Eastern Europe. The contributors emphasize the design of institutions to serve a market economy, the design of electoral laws, and the design of executive-legislative relations. Within this framework each chapter discusses the legacy of the pre-existing authoritarian regime; the range of preferences among various strategic actors with regard to the pace and mix of reforms; and the consequences of final choices for the institutionalization of effective economies and the process of democratization. Countries throughout Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe are moving from semi-closed to open economies and from authoritarian to democratic political systems. Despite important differences between the regions, these transitions involve similar tasks: the establishment of governmental institutions and electoral systems conducive to legitimation of the new and fragile democracies and expansion of the institutional infrastructure of a market economy. This volume looks at both regions, focusing on the relationship between the tasks of institutional design and the outcomes of the process of economic and political liberalization. In particular, the contributors emphasize the design of institutions to serve a market economy, the design of electoral laws, and the design of executive-legislative relations. Each chapter discusses the legacy of the pre-existing authoritarian regime; the range of preferences among various strategic actors (the government, state bureaucracies, opposition parties, and interest groups) with regard to the pace and mix of reforms; and the consequences of final choices for the institutionalization of effective economies and the process of democratization
Notes Originally published 1996 by Westview Press
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject New democracies -- Latin America
New democracies -- Europe, Central
New democracies -- Europe, Eastern
Comparative government.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Process -- General.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Process -- Elections.
Comparative government
Economic policy
New democracies
Politics and government
SUBJECT Latin America -- Politics and government -- 1980- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh87000854
Latin America -- Economic policy
Europe, Central -- Politics and government -- 1989- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh94003220
Europe, Central -- Economic policy. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh2005008558
Europe, Eastern -- Politics and government -- 1989- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh90000580
Europe, Eastern -- Economic policy -- 1989- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh91005698
Subject Central Europe
Eastern Europe
Latin America
Form Electronic book
Author Lijphart, Arend.
Waisman, Carlos H. (Carlos Horacio), 1943-
ISBN 9780429499784
0429499787
9780429979415
042997941X