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Phosphodiesterase Activating Factor -- See Calmodulin


A heat-stable, low-molecular-weight activator protein found mainly in the brain and heart. The binding of calcium ions to this protein allows this protein to bind to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and to adenyl cyclase with subsequent activation. Thereby this protein modulates cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels
  1
 

Phosphodiesterase Activator Protein -- See Calmodulin


A heat-stable, low-molecular-weight activator protein found mainly in the brain and heart. The binding of calcium ions to this protein allows this protein to bind to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and to adenyl cyclase with subsequent activation. Thereby this protein modulates cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels
  1
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors -- chemistry. : Phosphodiesterases and their inhibitors / edited by Spiros Liras and Andrew S. Bell  2014 1
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors -- pharmacology : Phosphodiesterases as drug targets / Sharron H. Francis, Marco Conti, Miles D. Houslay, editors  2011 1
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors -- therapeutic use   6
 

Phosphodiesterase Protein Activator -- See Calmodulin


A heat-stable, low-molecular-weight activator protein found mainly in the brain and heart. The binding of calcium ions to this protein allows this protein to bind to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and to adenyl cyclase with subsequent activation. Thereby this protein modulates cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels
  1
 

Phosphodiesterases -- See Also the narrower term Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases


  1
Phosphodiesterases.   2
Phosphodiesterases -- Inhibitors. : Phosphodiesterases and their inhibitors / edited by Spiros Liras and Andrew S. Bell  2014 1
Phosphodiesterases -- Inhibitors -- Therapeutic use. : Phosphodiesterases and their inhibitors / edited by Spiros Liras and Andrew S. Bell  2014 1
 

Phosphoenol transphosphorylase -- See Pyruvate kinase


  1
 

Phosphoenolpyruvate kinase -- See Pyruvate kinase


  1
 

Phosphoesterases -- See Phosphatases


  1
 

Phosphoglyceraldehyde Dehydrogenase -- See Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases


Enzymes that catalyze the dehydrogenation of GLYCERALDEHYDE 3-PHOSPHATE. Several types of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase exist including phosphorylating and non-phosphorylating varieties and ones that transfer hydrogen to NADP and ones that transfer hydrogen to NAD
  1
 

Phosphoglycerides -- See Glycerophospholipids


Derivatives of phosphatidic acid in which the hydrophobic regions are composed of two fatty acids and a polar alcohol is joined to the C-3 position of glycerol through a phosphodiester bond. They are named according to their polar head groups, such as phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine
  1
 

Phosphoglycerides, Inositol -- See Phosphatidylinositols


Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to the hexahydroxy alcohol, myo-inositol. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid, myo-inositol, and 2 moles of fatty acids
  1
 

Phosphohistone Phosphatase -- See Phosphoprotein Phosphatases


A group of enzymes removing the SERINE- or THREONINE-bound phosphate groups from a wide range of phosphoproteins, including a number of enzymes which have been phosphorylated under the action of a kinase. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
  1
 

Phosphohydrolase, GTP -- See GTP Phosphohydrolases


Enzymes that hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-
  1
 

Phosphohydrolase, Phosphoprotein -- See Phosphoprotein Phosphatases


A group of enzymes removing the SERINE- or THREONINE-bound phosphate groups from a wide range of phosphoproteins, including a number of enzymes which have been phosphorylated under the action of a kinase. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)
  1
 

Phosphohydrolases -- See Phosphatases


  1
 

Phosphohydrolases, GTP -- See GTP Phosphohydrolases


Enzymes that hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-
  1
 

Phosphohydrolases, Guanosine Triphosphate -- See GTP Phosphohydrolases


Enzymes that hydrolyze GTP to GDP. EC 3.6.1.-
  1
 

Phosphoinositide 3-Hydroxykinase -- See Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases


Phosphotransferases that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol to 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Many members of this enzyme class are involved in RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION and regulation of vesicular transport with the cell. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases have been classified both according to their substrate specificity and their mode of action within the cell
  1
 

Phosphoinositide 3 Kinase -- See Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase


A phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol into 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate
  1
 

Phosphoinositide 3 Kinases -- See Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases


Phosphotransferases that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol to 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Many members of this enzyme class are involved in RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION and regulation of vesicular transport with the cell. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases have been classified both according to their substrate specificity and their mode of action within the cell
  1
  Phosphoinositides -- 2 Related Subjects   2
Phosphoinositides.   8
Phosphoinositides -- Metabolism -- Congresses. : Inositol metabolism in plants / editors, D. James Morré, Wendy F. Boss, Frank A. Loewus  1990 1
Phosphoinositides -- Pathophysiology : Phosphoinositides and disease / Marco Falasca, editor  2012 1
Phosphoinositides -- Physiological effect   2
 

Phospholipase -- See Phospholipases


A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphoglycerides or glycerophosphatidates. EC 3.1.-
  1
Phospholipase A2. : Glycerophospholipids in the brain : phospholipases A₂ in neurological disorders / Akhlaq A. Farooqui and Lloyd A. Horrocks  2007 1
Phospholipase A2 -- Inhibitors. : Phospholipase A2 : basic and clinical aspects in inflammatory diseases / volume editors, W. Uhl, T.J. Nevalainen, M.W. Büchler  1997 1
Phospholipase A2 -- Pathophysiology : Phospholipase A2 : basic and clinical aspects in inflammatory diseases / volume editors, W. Uhl, T.J. Nevalainen, M.W. Büchler  1997 1
 

Phospholipase C -- See Type C Phospholipases


A subclass of phospholipases that hydrolyze the phosphoester bond found in the third position of GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS. Although the singular term phospholipase C specifically refers to an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE (EC 3.1.4.3), it is commonly used in the literature to refer to broad variety of enzymes that specifically catalyze the hydrolysis of PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS
  1
 

Phospholipase C gamma 1 -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
 

Phospholipase C gamma 2 -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
 

Phospholipase C gamma D -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
 

Phospholipase C gamma1 -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
 

Phospholipase C gamma2 -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
 

Phospholipase C gammaD -- See Phospholipase C gamma


A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is primarily regulated by PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES. It is structurally related to PHOSPHOLIPASE C DELTA with the addition of SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS and pleckstrin homology domains located between two halves of the CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  1
Phospholipase D -- metabolism : Tumor microenvironment : molecular players. Part A / Alexander Birbrair, editor  2020 1
 

Phospholipases -- See Also the narrower term Phospholipase A2


  1
Phospholipases.   7
Phospholipases A : Glycerophospholipids in the brain : phospholipases A₂ in neurological disorders / Akhlaq A. Farooqui and Lloyd A. Horrocks  2007 1
Phospholipases A -- antagonists & inhibitors : Phospholipase A2 : basic and clinical aspects in inflammatory diseases / volume editors, W. Uhl, T.J. Nevalainen, M.W. Büchler  1997 1
Phospholipases A -- physiology : Phospholipase A2 : basic and clinical aspects in inflammatory diseases / volume editors, W. Uhl, T.J. Nevalainen, M.W. Büchler  1997 1
Phospholipases -- analysis. : Phospholipases / edited by Edward A. Dennis  1991 1
 

Phospholipases C -- See Type C Phospholipases


A subclass of phospholipases that hydrolyze the phosphoester bond found in the third position of GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS. Although the singular term phospholipase C specifically refers to an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE (EC 3.1.4.3), it is commonly used in the literature to refer to broad variety of enzymes that specifically catalyze the hydrolysis of PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOLS
  1
Phospholipases -- Technique. : Phospholipases / edited by Edward A. Dennis  1991 1
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