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  RNA, Small Interfering -- 3 Related Subjects   3
RNA, Small Interfering   36
RNA, Small Interfering -- analysis   2
RNA, Small Interfering -- genetics   2
RNA, Small Interfering -- physiology   4
RNA, Small Interfering -- therapeutic use   4
 

RNA, Small Nuclear, Precursors -- See RNA Precursors


RNA transcripts of the DNA that are in some unfinished stage of post-transcriptional processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL) required for function. RNA precursors may undergo several steps of RNA SPLICING during which the phosphodiester bonds at exon-intron boundaries are cleaved and the introns are excised. Consequently a new bond is formed between the ends of the exons. Resulting mature RNAs can then be used; for example, mature mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER) is used as a template for protein production
  1
RNA, Small Nucleolar -- physiology : Small RNAs : analysis and regulatory functions / Wolfgang Nellen, Christian Hammann (eds.)  2006 1
 

RNA, Small Scan -- See RNA, Small Interfering


Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions
  1
 

RNA, Small Temporal -- See MicroRNAs


Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing
  1
RNA, Small Untranslated   11
RNA, Small Untranslated -- genetics : Small non-coding RNAs : methods and protocols / edited by Mathieu Rederstorff  2015 1
RNA, Small Untranslated -- physiology : Small non-coding RNAs : methods and protocols / edited by Mathieu Rederstorff  2015 1
  RNA Splice Sites -- 3 Related Subjects   3
 

RNA Splicing -- See Also RNA Precursors


RNA transcripts of the DNA that are in some unfinished stage of post-transcriptional processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL) required for function. RNA precursors may undergo several steps of RNA SPLICING during which the phosphodiester bonds at exon-intron boundaries are cleaved and the introns are excised. Consequently a new bond is formed between the ends of the exons. Resulting mature RNAs can then be used; for example, mature mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER) is used as a template for protein production
  1
RNA splicing.   9
 

RNA Splicing, Alternative -- See Alternative Splicing


A process whereby multiple RNA transcripts are generated from a single gene. Alternative splicing involves the splicing together of other possible sets of EXONS during the processing of some, but not all, transcripts of the gene. Thus a particular exon may be connected to any one of several alternative exons to form a mature RNA. The alternative forms of mature MESSENGER RNA produce PROTEIN ISOFORMS in which one part of the isoforms is common while the other parts are different
  1
RNA splicing -- Laboratory manuals : Spliceosomal pre-mRNA splicing : methods and protocols / edited by Klemens J. Hertel  2014 1
RNA splicing -- Periodicals : Journal of human transcriptome  2018 1
 

RNA Splicings -- See RNA Splicing


The ultimate exclusion of nonsense sequences or intervening sequences (introns) before the final RNA transcript is sent to the cytoplasm
  1
 

RNA Splicings, Alternative -- See Alternative Splicing


A process whereby multiple RNA transcripts are generated from a single gene. Alternative splicing involves the splicing together of other possible sets of EXONS during the processing of some, but not all, transcripts of the gene. Thus a particular exon may be connected to any one of several alternative exons to form a mature RNA. The alternative forms of mature MESSENGER RNA produce PROTEIN ISOFORMS in which one part of the isoforms is common while the other parts are different
  1
RNA Stability   4
RNA Stability -- genetics : Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay / [edited by] Lynne E. Maquat  2006 1
RNA Stability -- physiology : Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay / [edited by] Lynne E. Maquat  2006 1
RNA -- Structure   6
RNA -- Structure -- Laboratory manuals   2
 

RNA, Suppressor Transfer -- See RNA, Transfer


The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains
  1
 

RNA Synthetase, Transfer -- See Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases


A subclass of enzymes that aminoacylate AMINO ACID-SPECIFIC TRANSFER RNA with their corresponding AMINO ACIDS
  1
RNA targeting. : RNA nanostructures : design, characterization, and applications / edited by Kirill A. Afonin  2023 1
RNA -- Technique. : RNA processing. Part B, Specific methods / edited by James E. Dahlberg, John N. Abelson  1990 1
RNA -- therapeutic use   12
RNA -- Therapeutic use -- Congresses : The many faces of RNA / edited by D.S. Eggleston, C.D. Prescott, and N.D. Pearson  1998 1
 

RNA Transcript, Primary -- See RNA Precursors


RNA transcripts of the DNA that are in some unfinished stage of post-transcriptional processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL) required for function. RNA precursors may undergo several steps of RNA SPLICING during which the phosphodiester bonds at exon-intron boundaries are cleaved and the introns are excised. Consequently a new bond is formed between the ends of the exons. Resulting mature RNAs can then be used; for example, mature mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER) is used as a template for protein production
  1
RNA, Transfer. : Genetics and evolution of RNA polymerase, tRNA, and ribosomes : [proceedings of the Oji International Seminar on Genetic and Evolutionary Aspects of Transcriptional and Translational Apparatus held at Hokkaido, 1979 / sponsored by Japan Society of the Promotion of Science] ; edited by Syōzō Ōsawa ... [and others]  1980 1
RNA, Transfer -- chemical synthesis : Protein engineering / Caroline Köhrer, Uttam L. RajBhandary (eds.)  2009 1
 

RNA, Transfer, Precursors -- See RNA Precursors


RNA transcripts of the DNA that are in some unfinished stage of post-transcriptional processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL) required for function. RNA precursors may undergo several steps of RNA SPLICING during which the phosphodiester bonds at exon-intron boundaries are cleaved and the introns are excised. Consequently a new bond is formed between the ends of the exons. Resulting mature RNAs can then be used; for example, mature mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER) is used as a template for protein production
  1
 

RNA, Transfer, Suppressor -- See RNA, Transfer


The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) to align AMINO ACIDS at the RIBOSOMES in a sequence determined by the mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific CODON set on the mRNA through its own ANTICODON and as aminoacyl tRNAs (RNA, TRANSFER, AMINO ACYL), each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains
  1
 

RNA Tumor Virus -- See Retroviridae


Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES)
  1
  RNA Tumor Viruses -- 2 Related Subjects   2
RNA -- ultrastructure : RNA structure determination : methods and protocols / edited by Douglas H. Turner, David H. Mathews  2016 1
 

RNA Unfolding -- See RNA Folding


The processes of RNA tertiary structure formation
  1
 

RNA Unfoldings -- See RNA Folding


The processes of RNA tertiary structure formation
  1
RNA, Untranslated   47
RNA, Untranslated -- genetics : Long non-coding RNAs / Đurđica Ugarković, editor  2011 1
RNA, Untranslated -- metabolism : Non-protein coding RNAs / Nils G. Walter, Sarah A. Woodson, Robert T. Batey, editors  2009 1
RNA, Untranslated -- physiology : Long non-coding RNAs / Đurđica Ugarković, editor  2011 1
RNA -- Ús terapèutic. : Advanced Delivery and Therapeutic Applications of RNAi  2013 1
RNA, Viral   3
RNA, Viral -- genetics   2
 

RNA Virus -- See RNA Viruses


Viruses whose genetic material is RNA
  1
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