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Title Nuclear- and radiochemistry. Volume 2, Modern applications / edited by Frank Rösch
Published Berlin [Germany] ; Boston [Massachusetts] : De Gruyter, 2016


Description 1 online resource (596 pages) : illustrations, graphs
Series De Gruyter graduate
De Gruyter graduate.
Contents The atom's structure I : proton and electron -- The atom's structure II : nucleus and nucleons -- Nucleons : binding energies and shell structures -- From stable to unstable nuclides -- From stable to unstable nuclides : mathematics -- Processes of transformations : overview -- b transformations I : elementary particles -- b transformations II : b- process, b+ process and electron capture -- a-emission -- Spontaneous fission -- Secondary and post-processes of transformations -- Post-processes of primary and secondary transformations -- Nuclear reactions
Preface ; Contents ; List of contributing authors ; 1 Radiation measurement ; 1.1 Physical basis of radiation detection ; 1.2 Interactions of charged particles with matter ; 1.3 Radiation detectors ; 1.4 Active systems for radiation detection
1.5 Passive systems for radiation detection 1.6 Applications of radiation detectors ; 1.7 Environmental and individual monitoring ; 1.8 Outlook ; 1.9 References ; 1.10 Suggested reading ; 2 Radiation dosimetry ; 2.1 Introduction ; 2.2 Radiation dose concepts ; 2.3 Examples
2.4 Effective doses from natural and artificial sources 2.5 Outlook ; 2.6 References ; 3 Elemental analysis by neutron activation -- NAA ; 3.1 History ; 3.2 Principle of neutron activation analysis ; 3.3 Quantitative element determination
3.4 Fission reactors as neutron sources for neutron activation analysis 3.5 Applications of Neutron Activation Analysis ; 3.6 Outlook ; 3.7 References ; 4 Radioisotope mass spectrometry ; 4.1 Introduction -- long-lived radioisotopes, origin and relevance
4.2 Radioisotope mass spectrometry 4.3 Components of radioisotope mass spectrometry ; 4.4 Individual systems of RMS ; 4.5 Outlook ; 4.6 References ; 5 Nuclear dating ; 5.1 Introduction ; 5.2 Environmental radionuclides ; 5.3 Dating with a single radionuclide
Summary Nuclear chemistry represents a vital field of basic and applied research. Modern applications cover, for example, fundamental aspects of energetics and high-sensitive, high-selective and non-destructive analytical technologies. Nuclear chemistry and radiopharmaceutical chemistry are increasingly used to bridge pharmaceutical and medical research with state-of-the-art non-invasive molecular diagnosis as well as with patient-individual treatment. While volume I on Introduction to Nuclear Chemistry describes the origin of unstable atoms and their pathways to stabilize, this volume II illustrates the spectrum of modern applications of nuclear and radiochemistry. In various chapters, leading scientists address- the measurement of radiation, - the dosimetric action of radioactive radiation and radiation safety- nuclear dating- elemental analysis by neutron activation, - radiation mass spectroscopy and chemicals speciation, - radiochemical separations, - applications of radiochemistry to life sciences, - the chemistry of radioelements: Tc and At, actinides and the transactinides- fundamentals of modern nuclear energy
This work is conceived to meet the demand of state-of-the-art literature to teach the fundamentals as well as the modern applications of nuclear chemistry. The work will consist of two volumes: the first one covering the basics of nuclear chemistry such as the relevant parameters of instable atomic nuclei, the various modi of radioactive transmutations, the corresponding types of radiation including their detection and dosimetry, and finally the mechanisms of nuclear reactions. The second volume addresses relevant fields of nuclear chemistry, such as the chemistry of radioactive elements, application of radioactive nuclei in life sciences, nuclear energy, waste managements and environmental aspects, radiochemical separations, radioanalytical and spectroscopic methods, etc. Here, leading experts will contribute up-to-date knowledge on the most important application of nuclear chemistry. Frank Rösch is author of more than 200 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters on fundamental and applied radiochemistry and editor of the 5-volume Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry. In 1996 he was appointed professor of Nuclear Chemistry and Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry at the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany
Notes Volume 2 edited by Frank Rösch
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on September 08, 2020)
Subject Radiochemistry -- Textbooks
Nuclear chemistry -- Textbooks
SCIENCE -- Chemistry -- Physical & Theoretical.
Nuclear chemistry.
Genre/Form Textbooks.
Form Electronic book
Author Rösch, Frank, editor
ISBN 3110221861