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Author Pentreath, R. J., author.

Title Radioecology : sources and consequences of ionising radiation in the environment / R.J. Pentreath
Published Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2021


Description 1 online resource
Series Cambridge environmental chemistry series
Cambridge environmental chemistry series.
Contents Cover -- Half-title page -- Series page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- 1 The Emergence of Radioecology -- 1.1 Glowing in the Dark -- 1.2 An Explosive Entry into the Atomic Age -- 1.3 Atmospheric Testing of Nuclear Weapons and the Pressures of the Cold War -- 1.4 Environmental Contamination by Design and by Accident -- 1.5 Fluctuating Nuclear Fortunes -- 1.6 Back to Basics: The Origins of Atoms and Elements -- 1.7 The What, Why, and Wherefore of Radioecology -- References -- 2 Stable and Unstable Atoms -- 2.1 Atoms and Elements
2.2 Elementary Particles and Their Interactions -- 2.3 Radioactive Decay and the Resultant Radiation -- 2.4 Rates of Radioactive Decay -- 2.5 Nuclide Abundance -- 2.6 The Interaction of Radiation with Matter -- 2.7 Detection and Measurement of Radiation and Radioactivity -- References -- 3 Radionuclides and Other Sources of Radiation in the Natural Environment -- 3.1 Stellar Nucleosynthesis -- 3.2 Naturally Occurring Radionuclides on Earth -- 3.3 Radiogenic Heat and Earth's Interior -- 3.4 Solar and Galactic Radiation -- 3.5 Environmental Inputs from Non-nuclear Industrial Activities
3.6 Environmental Inputs from Man-made Nuclear Sources -- 3.7 Environmental Inputs in Perspective -- References -- 4 Radionuclide Distributions and Their Value as Environmental Clocks and Tracers -- 4.1 The Temporal and Spatial Relevance of Radionuclides in Closed and Open Systems -- 4.2 Primordial Radionuclides as Markers of Temporal Events Within Closed Systems -- 4.3 Cosmogenic Radionuclides Used for Determining Absolute Ages -- 4.4 Radionuclides in Open Systems -- 4.5 Dynamic Environmental Processes -- 4.6 Use of Radionuclides to Study the Rates of Sedimentation and Bioturbation -- References
5 The Accumulation of Radionuclides by Plants and Animals -- 5.1 The Chemical Elements and Life -- 5.2 Ecological Considerations in the Accumulation of Elements by Animals and Plants -- 5.3 Dynamic Aspects of Radionuclide Accumulation by Individual Organisms -- 5.4 The Biological Accumulation of Radionuclides: Surprises and Puzzles -- 5.5 Transfer of Radionuclides Through Ecosystems -- References -- 6 Radiation Dosimetry and Biological Effects -- 6.1 Relating Radiation Exposure to Absorbed Radiation Dose -- 6.2 The Basic Interactions of Radiation with Biological Material at a Cellular Level
6.3 Relating Radiation Dose to Biological Effects in Humans -- 6.4 Relating Radiation Dose to Biological Effects in Animals and Plants -- References -- 7 Managing Environmental Radiation Exposures: Experiences and Challenges -- 7.1 Natural Radiation Backgrounds -- 7.2 Radiological Protection Frameworks -- 7.3 Radiological Protection Experiences -- 7.4 Issues of the Past, Present, and Future -- References -- Index of nuclides -- Index
Summary "Natural radiation arises from many sources, both from the unstable atoms within our own bodies and in the materials around us, from the Sun, and even from beyond the Solar System. Additional sources include the legacy of testing nuclear weapons, nuclear waste, and nuclear accidents. All these sources have provided means of dating environmental materials and tracing the movements of substances through land, sea, and air. But ionising radiation also interacts with DNA, which has led to a remarkable range of studies to examine how and how quickly these unstable atoms are accumulated by both humans and biota, and their various effects on both. Providing an overview of the sources, uses and impacts of ionising radiation in the environment, and the frameworks developed to manage exposures to them, this is a valuable reference for graduate students and researchers interested in radioecology, environmental science and radiological protection"-- Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Description based on online resource; title from digital title page (viewed on April 27, 2022)
Subject Radioecology.
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 2021024933
ISBN 9781316156124