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Author Zachs, Fruma.

Title The making of a Syrian identity : intellectuals and merchants in nineteenth century Beirut / Fruma Zachs
Published Leiden ; Boston, MA : Brill, 2005


Description 1 online resource (xiv, 277 pages) : illustrations, map
Series Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East and Asia, 1385-3376 ; v. 98
Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East and Asia ; v. 98. 1385-3376
Contents Cover -- Contents -- List of Illustrations -- Preface -- Note on Transliteration -- List of Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Chapter One. First Notions of a "Syrian Vision": The Period of Amir Bashir II -- First Phase: The Rise of the Mountain Middle Stratum -- The Literary Circle -- Chapter Two. Beirut and the Emergence of a "Syrian Identity": Christian Arabs as Agents of Change -- Beirut as an Economic and Cultural Centre of Syria -- Immigration to Beirut -- "Push" Factors -- "Pull" Factors -- Second Phase-The Emergence of the Beiruti Middle Stratum and its Characteristics -- World View of the Beiruti Middle Stratum: The Concept of Tamaddun -- The Beiruti Middle Stratum and the Syrian Identity -- Chapter Three. Re-enforcing an Identity: The Tan*imat Reforms -- A Turning Point-Hatt-i Hümayun -- The Osmanlilik Principle -- Ottoman Policy toward Syria 1860-1880: The Establishment of the Vilâyet of Syria -- The Vilâyet of Syria and Local Patriotism: Big Watan, Small Watan -- Muhammad Rashid Pasha (1866-1871) -- Tanzimat Regressions -- Muslim-Christian Interrelationships: The Beiruti Secret Society-Arab Nationalism or Syrian Localism? -- Chapter Four. Revisiting the American Presbyterian Missionaries in Nineteenth Century Syria -- Imagining "Syria" -- Al-Jam'iyya al-Suriyya li-Iktisab al-'Ulum wal-Funun (1847-1852) -- Khutba fi Adab al-'Arab: A Case Study -- The Nahda and the American Missionaries -- From Evangelical Activities to Secular Enterprise: The Syrian Protestant College -- Chapter Five. Narrating an Identity: New Genres, New Identity (1858-1881) -- Characteristics and Goals of the Syrian Press -- Components of Identity in the Beiruti Press: How to Create Syrian Wataniyya -- Tolerance, Brotherhood, and an Appeal to Abandon Sectarian Strife -- Hubb al-Watan min al-Iman (Love of the Homeland is [an Article] of Faith) -- Creation of a Common Identity -- Pre-Islamic Heritage: Arabic Language and Culture -- An Application of Identity -- Traditional Versus Modern: The Rise of Syrian Historiography -- "Historical Novels" as Building Identity: The Role of Heritage, Myth and Women in the Watan -- Epilogue -- Appendix I: Biographies of Leading Families and Individuals from the Syrian Middle Stratum -- Appendix II: The Various Meanings and Definitions of the Name "Syria" -- Bibliography -- Index -- Last Page
Summary The book takes a close look at the origins and development of the Syrian identity, during the 18th and 19th centuries, through the role of Christian Arab intellectuals and merchants, Ottomans and American missionaries. It examines its background, stages of evolution, and components
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-264) and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Print version record
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Subject Syrians -- Lebanon -- Beirut
National characteristics, Syrian.
SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Anthropology -- Cultural.
SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Discrimination & Race Relations.
SOCIAL SCIENCE -- Minority Studies.
Intellectual life.
National characteristics, Syrian.
Beirut (Lebanon) -- Intellectual life -- 19th century
Beirut (Lebanon) -- History -- 19th century
Lebanon -- Beirut.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 9789047406679