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Title Essentials of Anesthesia for Neurotrauma / editors, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Charu Mahajan, Indu Kapoor
Edition First edition
Published Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, 2018


Description 1 online resource (xxiv, 650 pages) : color illustrations
Contents Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Acknowledgments; Editors; Contributors; Part I: Introduction to neurotrauma; Chapter 1:Introduction; References; Part II: Neuroanatomy; Chapter 2:Anatomy for neurotrauma; Introduction; Overview of the nervous system; Anatomy for head injuries; Scalp; Skull; The cranium; Meninges; The brain; Cerebrum; Diencephalon; Basal ganglia; Limbic system; White matter of the cerebral hemispheres; Brainstem; Midbrain; Pons; Medulla; Cranial nerves; Cerebellum; Ventricular system; Blood supply of the brain
Arterial supplyVenous drainage; Anatomy for spinal injuries; The spine; Spinal or vertebral fractures; Spinal cord; References; Part III: Neurophysiology; Chapter 3:Neurophysiology in neurotrauma; Introduction; Intracranial components and the monro-kellie doctrine; Volume-buffering mechanisms and their decompensation; Intracranial pressure; Physiologic factors affecting ICP; Monitoring ICP; Fluctuations in mean ICP; Intracranial pressure volume relationship; Intracranial compliance and its estimation; Cerebral blood flow; Cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate and flow metabolism coupling
CO2-mediated vasoreactivityCerebral blood flow responses to changes in PO2; Viscosity and cerebral blood flow; Cerebral autoregulation; Definition; Importance; Blood pressure range and limits of autoregulation; Mechanisms; The myogenic hypothesis; The metabolic hypothesis; The neurogenic mechanism; Endothelial cell-related factors; Pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury; The neurovascular unit; Biomechanical characteristics of traumatic brain injury (TBI); Classification of TBI; Biomechanical classification; Neuropathological classification; Experimental models of TBI
Basic pathophysiology of TBISpecific pathophysiology of primary stage of TBI; Cerebral blood flow changes; Cerebrovascular autoregulation and carbon dioxide (CO2) reactivity; Cerebral vasospasm; Alteration in cerebral metabolism; Cerebral oxygenation; Edema; Specific pathophysiology of secondary stage of TBI; Excitotoxicity and oxidative stress; Inflammation; Necrosis and apoptosis; Summary and conclusion; References; Part IV: Preanesthetic evaluation; Chapter 4:Prehospital care; Introduction; On-site treatment: Understanding the etiopathogenesis of TBI
Initial management: Main points to considerAirway management: Ventilation and hypoxemia; Ventilation management: Hypercapnia and hypocapnia; Hypotension and hypertension; Prehospital fluid resuscitation in patients with TBI; Temperature management; Conclusion; References; Chapter 5:Preanesthetic evaluation; Introduction; Preanesthetic evaluation; Airway management; Hemodynamic assessment: Blood pressure management; Intravenous fluids and vassopressors; Blood transfusion; Coagulopathy Management; Vitamin K antagonist; New oral anticoagulants; Antiplatelet Agents; Neurological assessment
Summary "This book aims to provide an overview of the basics of anesthesia for neurotrauma. It showcases how management of different neurotrauma cases may differ, especially those involving spine and or polytrauma. It provides quick and easy access to understand anesthesia for neurotrauma."--Provided by publisher
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Anesthesiology.
Critical care medicine.
Trauma, Nervous System -- surgery
Anesthesia -- methods
Critical Care
MEDICAL -- Surgery -- General.
Critical care medicine
Form Electronic book
Author Prabhakar, Hemanshu, editor.
Mahajan, Charu, editor.
Kapoor, Indu, editor.
ISBN 9781315166742