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Virus Internalization -- See Also Endocytosis


Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis
  1
Virus Internalization : Viral entry into host cells / edited by Stefan Pöhlmann, Graham Simmons  2013 1
 

Virus, John Cunningham -- See JC Virus


A species of POLYOMAVIRUS, originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The patient's initials J.C. gave the virus its name. Infection is not accompanied by any apparent illness but serious demyelinating disease can appear later, probably following reactivation of latent virus
  1
 

Virus Latencies -- See Virus Latency


The ability of a pathogenic virus to lie dormant within a cell (latent infection). In eukaryotes, subsequent activation and viral replication is thought to be caused by extracellular stimulation of cellular transcription factors. Latency in bacteriophage is maintained by the expression of virally encoded repressors
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Virus Latency : Latency strategies of herpesviruses / edited by Janos Minarovits, Eva Gonczol, Tibor Valyi-Nagy  2007 1
 

Virus, Leukemogenic -- See Retroviridae


Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES)
  1
 

Virus, Lymphadenopathy-Associated -- See HIV


Human immunodeficiency virus. A non-taxonomic and historical term referring to any of two species, specifically HIV-1 and/or HIV-2. Prior to 1986, this was called human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus (HTLV-III/LAV). From 1986-1990, it was an official species called HIV. Since 1991, HIV was no longer considered an official species name; the two species were designated HIV-1 and HIV-2
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Virus, Marburg -- See Marburgvirus


A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of one species (Lake Victoria marburgvirus) with several strains. The genus shows no antigenic cross-reactivity with EBOLAVIRUS
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Virus, Marmoset Hepatitis -- See Hepatitis Viruses


Any of the viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals
  1
 

Virus Membrane Fusion -- See Virus Internalization


The entering of cells by viruses following VIRUS ATTACHMENT. This is achieved by ENDOCYTOSIS, by direct MEMBRANE FUSION of the viral membrane with the CELL MEMBRANE, or by translocation of the whole virus across the cell membrane
  1
 

Virus, Nipah -- See Nipah Virus


A species of HENIPAVIRUS, closely related to HENDRA VIRUS, which emerged in Peninsular Malaysia in 1998. It causes a severe febrile VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS in humans and also encephalitis and RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS in pigs. Fruit bats (PTEROPUS) are the natural host
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Virus oncogène. : Mechanisms of DNA tumor virus transformation / volume editor, Leonard J. Rosenthal  2001 1
Virus oncogènes à ADN. : Mechanisms of DNA tumor virus transformation / volume editor, Leonard J. Rosenthal  2001 1
 

Virus, Oncogenic -- See Oncogenic Viruses


Viruses that produce tumors
  1
 

Virus, Oncolytic -- See Oncolytic Viruses


Tumor-selective, replication competent VIRUSES that have antineoplastic effects. This is achieved by producing cytotoxicity-enhancing proteins and/or eliciting an antitumor immune response. They are genetically engineered so that they can replicate in CANCER cells but not in normal cells, and are used in ONCOLYTIC VIROTHERAPY
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Virus Packaging -- See Virus Assembly


The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE
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Virus Packagings -- See Virus Assembly


The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE
  1
 

Virus Peplomer Proteins -- See Viral Envelope Proteins


Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins
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Virus Physiological Concept -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
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Virus Physiological Concepts -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
  1
 

Virus Physiological Phenomena -- See Also Genetics, Microbial


A subdiscipline of genetics which deals with the genetic mechanisms and processes of microorganisms
  1
Virus Physiological Phenomena   20
Virus Physiological Phenomena -- genetics : Virus evolution : current research and future directions / Scott C. Weaver, Mark Denison, Marilyn Roossinck and Marco Vignuzzi  2016 1
 

Virus Physiological Phenomenon -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
  1
 

Virus Physiological Process -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
  1
 

Virus Physiological Processes -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
  1
 

Virus Physiology -- See Virus Physiological Phenomena


Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES, including the interactions with the cells they infect
  1
Virus phytopathogènes. : Fungal virology / editor, Kenneth William Buck  2018 1
 

Virus, Plant -- See Plant Viruses


Viruses parasitic on plants
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Virus Receptors -- See Receptors, Virus


Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response
  1
 

Virus Receptors, AIDS -- See Receptors, HIV


Cellular receptors that bind the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS. Included are CD4 ANTIGENS, found on T4 lymphocytes, and monocytes/macrophages, which bind to the HIV ENVELOPE PROTEIN GP120
  1
Virus Release : Advances in HIV-1 assembly and release / Eric O. Freed, editor  2013 1
Virus removal Water Purification : Viral pollution of the environment / editor, Gerald Berg  2018 1
 

Virus Replication -- See Also DNA Replication


The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated
  1
Virus Replication.   16
Virus Replication -- genetics : Viral genome replication / Craig E. Cameron, Matthias Götte, Kevin D. Raney, editors  2009 1
Virus Replication -- physiology   3
 

Virus Replications -- See Virus Replication


The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle
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Virus research -- See Virology Research


  1
 

Virus resistance in plants -- See Plants Virus resistance


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Virus resistance Plants   3
Virus resistance Plants Laboratory manuals : Antiviral resistance in plants : methods and protocols / edited by John M. Watson and Ming-Bo Wang  2012 1
Virus-resistant transgenic plants. : Genetic transformation, regeneration and analysis of transgenic peanut / Colleen M. Higgins and Ralf G. Dietzgen  2000 1
 

Virus, Respiratory Syncytial -- See Respiratory Syncytial Viruses


A group of viruses in the PNEUMOVIRUS genus causing respiratory infections in various mammals. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have also been reported
  1
 

Virus, RNA -- See RNA Viruses


Viruses whose genetic material is RNA
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Virus, RNA Rodent -- See RNA Viruses


Viruses whose genetic material is RNA
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Virus, RNA Tumor -- See Retroviridae


Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES)
  1
Virus rubéole. : Rubella viruses / editors, Jangu Banatvala, Catherine Peckham  2007 1
 

Virus, St. Louis Encephalitis -- See Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis


A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America
  1
 

Virus Therapies, Oncolytic -- See Oncolytic Virotherapy


Use of attenuated VIRUSES as ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to selectively kill CANCER cells
  1
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