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Title Nitroxide mediated polymerization : from fundamentals to applications in materials science / editor: Didier Gigmes
Published [Cambridge] : Royal Society of Chemistry, [2015]
©2016

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Description 1 online resource
Series RSC polymer chemistry series ; 19
RSC polymer chemistry series ; 19.
Contents Cover; Contents; Preface; Chapter 1 The History of Nitroxide-mediated Polymerization; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Radical Polymerization; 1.3 Initiation Mechanisms in Radical Polymerization by Radical Trapping; 1.4 First Examples of Nitroxide-mediated Polymerization; 1.4.1 Homopolymer Synthesis; 1.4.2 Block Copolymer Synthesis; 1.4.3 Graft Copolymer Synthesis; 1.4.4 Effects of Alkoxyamine Structure and Polymerization Conditions on Homolysis Rates; 1.4.5 End-group Removal; 1.5 Developments in NMP 1993-2000; 1.5.1 Xerox Group; 1.5.2 Hawker Group; 1.5.3 Fukuda Group; 1.5.4 Fischer Group
1.5.5 Other Groups1.6 Conclusions; References; Chapter 2 Kinetic Aspects of Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization; 2.1 Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization (NMP) and Key Reactions that Determine its Kinetics; 2.1.1 Persistent Radical Effect (PRE) and its Application for NMP; 2.1.2 Equations for NMP and the Phase Diagram Approach; 2.1.3 Evidence of the Occurrence of PRE in NMP; 2.1.4 Importance of kc; 2.1.5 Importance of kd; 2.1.6 Importance of the Initiation Stage; 2.1.7 Importance of the Side-reactions on the Fate of NMP; 2.2 Recombination of Nitroxides and Alkyl Radicals
2.2.1 Techniques and Methods of Determination2.2.2 Arrhénius Parameters; 2.2.3 Effects Influencing kc; 2.3 The C-ON Bond Homolysis of Alkoxyamines; 2.3.1 Techniques and Methods of Determination; 2.3.2 Arrhénius Parameters; 2.3.3 Effects Influencing kd; 2.3.4 Other Types of Activation; 2.4 Conclusion and Outlook; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 3 Synthesis of Nitroxides and Alkoxyamines; 3.1 Introduction; 3.1.1 General Considerations; 3.1.2 Nitroxide Preparation; 3.1.3 Nitroxide Design; 3.2 Synthesis of Alkoxyamines; 3.2.1 General Considerations; 3.2.2 Alkoxyamine Preparation
3.3 ConclusionsReferences; Chapter 4 NMP Under Homogenous Conditions in Bulk, Organic Solvents and Aqueous Systems; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Bulk NMP; 4.2.1 Homopolymerizations by Bulk NMP with TEMPO; 4.2.2 Bulk NMP with TEMPO-derived Initiators; 4.2.3 Bulk NMP with TIPNO; 4.2.4 Bulk NMP with SG1; 4.3 NMP in Organic Solvents; 4.3.1 NMP with TEMPO in Organic Solvents; 4.3.2 NMP with TIPNO in Organic Solvents; 4.3.3 NMP with SG1 in Organic Solvents; 4.4 NMP in Aqueous Solutions; 4.5 Conclusions and Outlook; References; Chapter 5 Nitroxide-mediated Polymerization in Dispersed Media
5.1 Introduction5.2 Nitroxide-mediated (Mini)Emulsion Polymerization; 5.2.1 Brief Account of Free-radical Polymerization in Miniemulsion and Emulsion; 5.2.2 Challenges to Overcome; 5.2.3 NMP in Miniemulsion; 5.2.4 NMP in Emulsion; 5.2.5 NMP in Microemulsion; 5.2.6 Compartmentalization Effects; 5.3 Nitroxide-mediated Dispersion Polymerization; 5.3.1 Dispersion Polymerization in Common Solvents; 5.3.2 Dispersion Polymerization in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (scCO2); 5.4 Nitroxide-mediated Precipitation Polymerization; 5.5 Nitroxide-mediated Suspension Polymerization; 5.6 Conclusion; References
Summary Nitroxide-mediated polymerization is an important branch of controlled radical polymerization, which has revolutionised the preparation of polymer architectures and compositions. This is the first book dedicated to the topic and covers the history and development of nitroxide-mediated polymerization, as well as current techniques of academic and industrial interest. Nitroxide-Mediated Polymerization gathers together and comprehensively discusses all aspects of nitroxide-mediated polymerization, from fundamental principles through to industrial applications. A specific focus will be dedicated to the principle of the technique, its kinetics aspects, the synthesis of the controlling agents, the range of polymerizable monomers, its potential for preparation of advanced organic and hybrid materials and its status at the industrial stage. The book details all stages of the field, with chapters detailing the history, recent developments and novel materials in this fast developing area. Edited and written by expert researchers working in the field and academia this book focuses on highlighting the kinetic aspects of nitroxide-mediated polymerization, providing insight into the kinetics that can sometimes be hard to follow in published papers. The book will be of interest to polymer chemists and materials scientists at graduate level and above
Notes Online resource; title from details screen (Royal Society of Chemistry, viewed December 10, 2015)
Subject Polymerization.
Nitroxides.
polymerization.
Industrial applications of scientific research & technological innovation.
Chemistry.
SCIENCE -- Chemistry -- Industrial & Technical.
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING -- Materials Science -- General.
Nitroxides
Polymerization
Form Electronic book
Author Gigmes, Didier, editor
Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
ISBN 9781782622635
1782622632