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Author Likhtenshteĭn, G. I. (Gert͡s Ilʹich)

Title Nitroxides : applications in chemistry, biomedicine, and materials science / Gertz I. Likhtenshtein [and four others]
Edition 1
Published Hoboken : Wiley, 2008
Weinheim, Germany : WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2008
©2008
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Description 1 online resource (441 pages) : illustrations
Contents Nitroxides; Contents; Preface; Symbols and Abbreviations; 1 Fundamentals of Magnetism; 1.1 Magnetism of Materials; 1.1.1 Historical Background; 1.1.2 Magnetic Moment and its Energy in a Magnetic Field; 1.1.3 Definitions of Magnetization and Magnetic Susceptibility; 1.1.4 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism; 1.1.5 Classification of Magnetic Materials; 1.1.6 Important Variables, Units, and Relations; 1.2 Origins of Magnetism; 1.2.1 Origins of Diamagnetism; 1.2.2 Origins of Paramagnetism; 1.2.3 Magnetic Moments; 1.2.4 Specific Rules for Many Electrons; 1.2.5 Magnetic Moments in General Cases
1.2.6 Zeeman Effect1.2.7 Orbital Quenching; 1.3 Temperature Dependence of Magnetic Susceptibility; 1.3.1 The Langevin Function of Magnetization and the Curie Law; 1.3.2 The Brillouin Function of Magnetization and the Curie Law; 1.3.3 The Curie-Weiss Law; 1.3.4 Magnetic Ordered State; 1.3.5 Magnetic Interactions; 1.3.5.1 Exchange Interaction; 1.3.5.2 Dipolar Interaction; 1.3.6 Spin Hamiltonian; 1.3.7 Van Vleck Formula for Susceptibility; 1.3.8 Some Examples of the van Vleck Formula; 1.3.8.1 The Curie Law; 1.3.8.2 Zero-Filed Splitting Case; 1.3.8.3 Spin Cluster Case-The Dimer Model
1.3.8.4 Multiple-spin Cluster Case - The Triangle or Others1.3.8.5 Temperature-Independent Paramagnetism; 1.3.9 Low-Dimensional Interaction Network; 1.4 Experimental Magnetic Data Acquisition; 1.4.1 Methods; 1.4.2 Evaluations of Magnetic Susceptibility and Magnetic Moment; References; 2 Molecular Magnetism; 2.1 Magnetic Origins from Atoms and Molecules; 2.1.1 Historical Background; 2.1.2 Spin States Derived from Chemical Bonds; 2.1.3 Organic Free Radicals; 2.1.4 Coordinate Compounds; 2.2 Characteristics of Molecular Magnetism; 2.2.1 Molecular Paramagnetism
2.2.2 Magnetic Properties of Organic Free Radicals2.3 Nitroxide as a Building Block; 2.3.1 Stability of the N-O Bond; 2.3.2 Structural Resonance of the N-O Bond; 2.3.3 Molecular and Magnetic Interactions between Nitroxides; 2.3.4 Nitroxides as Building Block; 2.4 Low-Dimensional Properties of Nitroxides; 2.4.1 One-Dimensional Magnetism; 2.4.1.1 TANOL (TEMPOL); 2.4.1.2 F(5)PNN; 2.4.2 Interchain Interaction and Spin Long-Range Ordering; 2.4.3 Two-Dimensional Magnetism; 2.4.3.1 DANO; 2.4.3.2 p-NPNN; 2.4.4 Coordination of Nitroxide with Metal Ions; 2.4.4.1 Cu(2+), Mn(2+)-TANOL (TEMPOL)
2.4.4.2 Mn(2+)-IPNNReferences; 3 Fundamentals of Electron Spin Resonance (ESR); 3.1 Magnetic Resonance of Electron and Nuclear Spins; 3.1.1 Historical Background; 3.1.2 Classification of Magnetic Resonance; 3.2 Principle of Electron Spin Resonance (ESR); 3.2.1 Principle of ESR from Spectroscopic Interpretation; 3.2.2 Principle of ESR from Resonance Interpretation; 3.2.3 Bloch Equation; 3.2.3.1 Solutions of the Bloch Equation; 3.2.3.2 Absorption Line Shape; 3.2.3.3 Relaxation Times; 3.2.4 Modified Bloch Equation; 3.2.5 Hyperfine Interaction
3.2.5.1 Interaction of the Electron Spin with Nuclear Spins
Summary Covering all aspects of this field, this volume also critically discusses recent results obtained with the use of nitroxides, while providing an analysis of future developments.Written by a group of scientists with long-term experience in investigating the chemistry, physicochemistry, biochemistry and biophysics of nitroxides, the book is not intended as an exhaustive survey of each topic, but rather a discussion of their theoretical and experimental background, as well as recent advances. The first four chapters expound the general theoretical and experimental background and the advantages of modern ESR technique. Chapter 5 focuses on fundamentals and recent results in the preparation and basic chemical properties, while the next two chapters briefly outline principles and current results in nitroxides as spin probes, and as redox probes and spin traps. These chapters form the basis for the subsequent more detailed studies of nitroxides in physicochemistry, while the final chapters concentrate on the advantages of magnetic materials on the basis of nitroxides. Finally, the concluding chapter considers the rapidly developing field of biomedical, therapeutic and clinical applications.With more than 1,100 references to essential literature, this volume provides fundamental knowledge of instrumentation, data interpretation, capacity and recent advantages of nitroxide applications, allowing readers to understand how nitroxides can help them in solving their own problems
Notes Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index
Notes Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (ebrary, viewed August 16, 2016)
Subject Nitroxides.
Form Electronic book
Author LikhtenshteiÌn, G. I. (Gertï ̧ sï ̧¡ Ilʹich), author
ISBN 9783527621750 (e-book)
OTHER TI ProQuest Ebook Central