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Title Managing pain in children : a clinical guide for nurses and healthcare professionals / edited by Alison Twycross, Head of Department, Children's Nursing, Reader, Children's Pain Management, London South Bank University, United Kingdom, Stephanie Dowden, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Paediatric Palliative Care, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Australia and Jennifer Stinson, Nurse Clinician Scientist and Nurse Practitioner, Chronic Pain Programme, the Hospital for Sick Children, Associate Professor of Nursing, Lawrence S. Bloomberg, Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Edition Second edition
Published Hoboken : Wiley Blackwell, 2014


Description 1 online resource (314 pages) : illustrations
Contents Cover; Title page; Copyright page; Contents; List of Contributors; Foreword; CHAPTER 1: Why Managing Pain in Children Matters; Introduction; What is Pain?; Consequences of Unrelieved Pain; Children's Views about the Effectiveness of Pain Management; Misconceptions about Pain; Factors Affecting Healthcare Professionals' Perceptions of Pain; Pain Management Standards; How Effective are Current Pain Management Practices?; Professional Accountability and Evidence-Based Practice; Managing Pain in Children is an Ethical Imperative; Summary; References; CHAPTER 2: Anatomy and Physiology of Pain
IntroductionThe Nervous System; Misconceptions about the Physiology of Pain in Children; Pain Mechanisms; Transduction: The conversion of stimuli to electrical impulses; Transmission: Conveying impulses to the central nervous system; Perception; Modulation; Visceral Pain; Physiology of Chronic and Neuropathic Pain; Central sensitisation in chronic pain; Nervous System Development and Pain Sensation in Early Life; Summary; References; CHAPTER 3: Pain: A Biopsychosocial Phenomenon; Introduction; Biological Factors; Age; Cognitive development; Genetics; Temperament; Psychological Factors; Fear
Previous experiences of painSocial Factors; Culture; Family learning; Gender; Summary; References; CHAPTER 4: Pharmacology of Analgesic Drugs; Introduction; Misconceptions; Addiction, Tolerance and Dependence; Addiction risk; Opioid weaning protocols; How Drugs Work; Pharmacodynamics; Pharmacokinetics; Routes of Drug Administration; Selection of Analgesic Drugs; WHO analgesic ladder; Non-Opioid Analgesic Drugs; Paracetamol (acetaminophen); Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; Opioid Analgesic Drugs; Tramadol; Opioid antagonists; Adjuvant Analgesic Drugs; Local anaesthetics; Ketamine
Other adjuvant analgesic drugsManaging and Minimising the Non-Medical Use of Opioids; Summary; References; CHAPTER 5: Physical and Psychological Methods of Pain Relief in Children; Introduction; Physical Pain-Relieving Methods; Acupuncture; Heat and cold; Massage; Psychological Pain-Relieving Methods; Biofeedback; Cognitive behavioural therapy; Distraction; Hypnosis; Music therapy; Relaxation; Physical Methods of Pain Relief for Neonates; Breastfeeding; Facilitated tucking (or containment); Kangaroo care (skin-to-skin contact); Non-nutritive sucking; Sucrose; Swaddling; Summary; References
CHAPTER 6: Pain AssessmentIntroduction; Healthcare Professionals' Role in Pain Assessment; Pain Measurement and Pain Assessment; Assessing Pain in Children; Step 1: Taking a pain history; Step 2: Assessing the child's pain using an developmentally appropriate pain assessment tool; Self-report tools; Behavioural tools; Physiological indicators; Pain Assessment Tools for Neonates; Pain Assessment in Ventilated Children; Pain Assessment in Cognitively Delayed Children; Choosing the Right Pain Assessment Tool; How Often Should Pain be Assessed?; Documentation; Summary; Key to Case Studies
Summary Providing an evidence-based, practical guide to care in all areas of children's pain management, Managing Pain in Children offers nurses and other healthcare professionals an introduction to the skills and expertise to manage children's pain effectively. This fully-updated second edition first explores the relevant anatomy and physiology of children, the latest policy guidelines surrounding pain management and ethical issues involved in managing children's pain. Various pain assessment tools available for children and non-drug methods of pain relief are then explored and applie
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; title from PDF title page (ebrary, viewed October 23, 2013)
Subject Children.
Pain -- Treatment.
Evidence-based nursing.
Evidence-Based Nursing
Pain Management -- nursing
children (people by age group)
Evidence-based nursing
Pain -- Treatment
Health and Wellbeing.
Form Electronic book
Author Twycross, Alison
Dowden, Stephanie
Stinson, Jennifer
ISBN 9781118514634