Book Cover
Book
Author Pals, Daniel L.

Title Seven theories of religion / Daniel L. Pals
Published New York : Oxford University Press, 1996

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Description vii, 294 pages ; 22 cm
Contents 1. Animism and Magic / E. B. Tylor and J. G. Frazer -- 2. Religion and Personality / Sigmund Freud -- 3. Society as Sacred / Emile Durkheim -- 4. Religion as Alienation / Karl Marx -- 5. The Reality of the Sacred / Mircea Eliade -- 6. Society's "Construct of the Heart" / E. E. Evans-Pritchard -- 7. Religion as Cultural System / Clifford Geertz -- 8. Conclusion
Summary In Seven Theories of Religion, Daniel L. Pals offers cogent introductions to seven "classic" explanations of religion, taking the reader methodically through the arguments presented by each thinker. After a close look at two pioneering Victorians, E. B. Tylor (the father of the animistic theory) and James Frazer (author of The Golden Bough, the monumental study of primitive custom and belief), Pals explores the controversial "reductionist" approaches of Freud, Emile Durkheim, and Marx. The thinkers who appear in these pages deserve wide attention, explains Pals, because the influence of their ideas has been felt far beyond the sphere of religion, affecting our literature, philosophy, history, politics, art, psychology, and, indeed, almost every realm of modern thought
Religion has been an integral part of human culture for millennia, but only in the last two centuries have some thinkers come to believe it can be explained through critical, scientific analysis. When and how did religion arise? What forces or motives have created it? Is it rational or emotional? Does it fill the needs of individuals or those of society? Why is religion such a universal and powerful presence in human life? These questions have attracted some of the foremost thinkers of the modern era - among them Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx - and have elicited sharply differing verdicts on religion's place in human affairs
Analysis Durkheim, Emile, 1858-1917 - Views on religion
Eliade, Mircea, 1907-1986 - Views on religion
Evans-Pritchard, Edward, Sir - Views on religion
Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941 - Views on religion
Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939 - Views on religion
Geertz, Clifford - Views on religion
Marx, Karl, 1818-1883 - Views on religion
Religion - Philosophy
Tylor, Edward Burnett, Sir, 1832-1917 - Views on religon
Notes 'Suggestions for further reading': p. 15. Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Subject Religion -- Philosophy.
Religion -- Study and teaching -- History -- 19th century.
Religion -- Study and teaching -- History -- 20th century.
Religion -- Study and teaching -- History.
Religion.
LC no. 95018026
ISBN 0195087240 (alk. paper)
0195087259 (paperback: alk. paper)