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Author Kraemer, Ross Shepard, 1948-

Title Her share of the blessings : women's religions among pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Greco-Roman world / Ross Shepard Kraemer
Published New York : Oxford University Press, 1992


Location Call no. Vol. Availability
Description xi, 275 pages ; 25 cm
Contents 1. Introduction -- 2. Women's Devotion to Ancient Greek Goddesses -- 3. Women's Devotion to Adonis -- 4. Women's Devotion to Dionysos -- 5. Rites of Roman Matrons -- 6. Women's Devotion to the Egyptian Goddess Isis in the Greco-Roman World -- 7. Women's Religious Offices in Greco-Roman Paganism -- 8. Jewish Women's Religious Lives in Rabbinic Sources -- 9. Jewish Women's Religious Lives and Offices in the Greco-Roman Diaspora -- 10. Autonomy, Prophecy, and Gender in Early Christianity -- 11. Heresy as Women's Religion: Women's Religion as Heresy -- 12. Women's Leadership and Offices in Christian Communities -- 13. Women's Religious Leadership and Offices in Retrospect --Epilogue: Toward a Theory of Women's Religions
Summary Whether pagan, Jewish, or Christian, religion was an integral part of the lives of women in the Greco-Roman world. Yet studies of the ancient Mediterranean world have focused almost exclusively on the religious beliefs and practices of men. In Her Share the Blessings, Ross Shepard Kraemer provides the first comprehensive look at women's religions in Greco-Roman antiquity. She vividly recreates the religious lives of early Christian, Jewish, and pagan women, with many fascinating examples: Greek women's devotion to goddesses, rites of Roman matrons, Jewish women in rabbinic and diaspora communities, Christian women's struggles to exercise authority and autonomy, and women's roles as leaders in the full spectrum of Greco-Roman religions. In every case, Kraemer reveals the connections between the social constraints under which women lived, and their religious beliefs and practices. Women's religious devotion often reflected and reinforced social definitions of women in terms of their relationships to men, as daughters, wives, sisters, and mothers. Yet religions such as the ecstatic worship of Dionysos (where women periodically abandoned husbands, children, and social responsibilities for nocturnal mountain rites), enabled women to find increased autonomy and female community, at least temporarily. The relationship between female autonomy, sexuality, and religion emerges as a persistent theme. In antiquity, the body was associated with the female; soul and spirit with the male. Analyzing the monastic Jewish Therapeutae and various Christian communities, Kraemer demonstrates the paradoxical liberation which women achieved by rejection of sexuality, the body, and the female. In the epilogue, Kraemer pursues the disturbing implications such findings have for contemporary women. Based on epitaphs and public inscriptions, letters and personal documents, references in literary works, and feminist and anthropological studies, Her Share of the Blessings is an insightful work that goes beyond the limitations of previous scholarship to provide a more accurate portrait of Jewish, Christian, and pagan women in the Greco-Roman world
Analysis Mediterranean region
Women Religious life History
Women and religion - History
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-267) and index
Subject Paganism -- Mediterranean Region -- History.
Women and religion -- History.
Women in Christianity -- History -- Early church, approximately 30-600
Women in Christianity -- History -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
Women in Judaism -- History.
Women -- Mediterranean Region -- Religious life -- History.
Women -- Religious life -- Mediterranean Region -- History.
Women in religion -- History.
LC no. 91033777
ISBN 0195066863 (acid-free paper)
0195086708 (paperback)