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Author Babcock, Robert H. (Robert Harper), 1931-

Title Gompers in Canada : a study in American continentalism before the First World War / Robert H. Babcock
Published Toronto ; Buffalo : University of Toronto Press, [1974]
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Description 1 online resource (x, 292 pages) : illustrations
Series ACLS Humanities E-Book (Series)
Contents Frontmatter -- Contents -- Preface -- 1. Introduction -- 2. First encounter -- 3. The rise of branch plants -- 4. Organizing boom -- 5. Labour politics in Canada -- 6. Dual unions -- 7. Berlin victory -- 8. A 'state' federation -- 9. External enemies -- 10. Jurisdictional disputes and secessions -- 11. Political action -- 12. Master and servant -- 13. Labour continentalism -- Appendixes -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index
Summary Samuel Gompers, the charismatic chief of the American Federation of Labor at the turn of the century, claimed to represent the interests of all workers in North America, but it was not until American corporations began to export jobs to Canada via branch plants that he became concerned with representing Canadian workers. Within a very short time the Canadian labour movement was rationalized into a segment of the American craft-union empire. In order to secure the loyalty of these new recruits, the AFI reduced the national trade-union centre of Canada, the Trades and Labor Congress, to the level of an American state federation of labour. But Gombers failed to perceive the different political, historical, and cultural climates north of the forty-ninth parallel, and his policies inevitably generated friction. Although some Canadian workers felt sympathy for labour politicians inspired by left-wing doctrines and the social gospel movement, Gompers strove to keep Canadian socialists at bay. And although Canadian workers expressed considerable interest in governmental investigation of industrial disputes, Gompers remained inimical to such moves. Canadian labour groups desired a seat on international labour bodies, but Gompers would not allow them to speak through their own delegate. Canadian unions deemed rivals to AFL affiliates were banished. Dues were siphoned off into union treasuries in the US, and American labour leaders kept firm control over organizing efforts in Canada. Perhaps most importance, the AFL's actions at the TLC convention of 1902-its opposition to dual unionism-helped spawn a separate labour movement in Quebec. Yet by 1914, following nearly two decades of effort by Gompers, many Canadian workers had become his willing subjects. Though others struggled to loosen Gompers' grip on the Canadian labour movement, Canadian trade unions appeared firmly wedded to the AFL's continentalism. The story o
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 266-275) and index
Notes Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve pda MiAaHDL
Print version record
Subject Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924.
Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924.
American Federation of Labor -- History
American Federation of Labor.
Labor unions -- Canada -- History
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS -- Workplace Culture.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Labor & Industrial Relations.
Labor unions.
Genre/Form History.
Form Electronic book
LC no. 74078507
ISBN 9781442656437