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E-book
Author Sposito, Garrison, 1939-

Title The chemistry of soils / Garrison Sposito
Edition Second edition
Published Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2008
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Description 1 online resource (xii, 329 pages) : illustrations
Contents 1 The Chemical Composition of Soils -- 1.1 Elemental Composition -- 1.2 Metal Elements in Soils -- 1.3 Solid Phases in Soils -- 1.4 Soil Air and Soil Water -- 1.5 Soil Mineral Transformations -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 1: Balancing Chemical Reactions -- 2 Soil Minerals -- 2.1 Ionic Solids -- 2.2 Primary Silicates -- 2.3 Clay Minerals -- 2.4 Metal Oxides, Oxyhydroxides, and Hydroxides -- 2.5 Carbonates and Sulfates -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 2: The Discovery of the Structures of Clay Minerals -- 3 Soil Humus -- 3.1 Biomolecules -- 3.2 Humic Substances -- 3.3 Cation Exchange Reactions -- 3.4 Reactions with Organic Molecules -- 3.5 Reactions with Soil Minerals -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 3: Film Diffusion Kinetics in Cation Exchange -- 4 The Soil Solution -- 4.1 Sampling the Soil Solution -- 4.2 Soluble Complexes -- 4.3 Chemical Speciation -- 4.4 Predicting Chemical Speciation -- 4.5 Thermodynamic Stability Constants -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- 5 Mineral Stability and Weathering -- 5.1 Dissolution Reactions -- 5.2 Predicting Solubility Control: Activity-Ratio Diagrams -- 5.3 Coprecipitated Soil Minerals -- 5.4 Predicting Solubility Control: Predominance Diagrams -- 5.5 Phosphate Transformations in Calcareous Soils -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- 6 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions -- 6.1 Flooded Soils -- 6.2 Redox Reactions -- 6.3 The Redox Ladder -- 6.4 Exploring the Redox Ladder -- 6.5 pE-pH Diagrams -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 4: Balancing Redox Reactions -- Special Topic 5: The Invention of the pH Meter -- 7 Soil Particle Surface Charge -- 7.1 Surface Complexes -- 7.2 Adsorption -- 7.3 Surface Charge -- 7.4 Points of Zero Charge -- 7.5 Schindler Diagrams -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- 8 Soil Adsorption Phenomena -- 8.1 Measuring Adsorption -- 8.2 Adsorption Kinetics and Equilibria -- 8.3 Metal Cation Adsorption -- 8.4 Anion Adsorption -- 8.5 Surface Redox Processes -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- 9 Exchangeable Ions -- 9.1 Soil Exchange Capacities -- 9.2 Exchange Isotherms -- 9.3 Ion Exchange Reactions -- 9.4 Biotic Ligand Model -- 9.5 Cation Exchange on Humus -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- 10 Colloidal Phenomena -- 10.1 Colloidal Suspensions -- 10.2 Soil Colloids -- 10.3 Interparticle Forces -- 10.4 The Stability Ratio -- 10.5 Fractal Floccules -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 6: Mass Fractals -- 11 Soil Acidity -- 11.1 Proton Cycling -- 11.2 Acid-Neutralizing Capacity -- 11.3 Aluminum Geochemistry -- 11.4 Redox Effects -- 11.5 Neutralizing Soil Acidity -- For Further Reading -- Problems -- Special Topic 7: Measuring pH -- 12 Soil Salinity -- 12.1 Saline Soil Solutions -- 12.2 Cation Exchange and Colloidal Phenomena -- 12.3 Mineral Weathering -- 12.4 Boron Chemistry -- 12.5 Irrigation Water Quality
Summary 1. The Chemical Composition of Soils. 2. Soil Minerals. 3. Soil Humus. 4. The Soil Solution. 5. Mineral Stability and Weathering. 6. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. 7. Soil Particle Surface Charge. 8. Soil Adsorption Phenomena. 9. Exchangeable Ions. 10. Colloidal Phenomena. 11. Soil Acidity. 12. Soil Salinity
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Print version record
Subject Soil chemistry.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 0195313690
0198042787 (electronic bk.)
9780195313697
9780198042785 (electronic bk.)