Book Cover
E-book
Author Wypych, George, author

Title Atlas of material damage / George Wypych
Published Toronto : ChemTec Pub., 2012
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Description 1 online resource (vi, 312 pages) : illustrations
Contents 1. Introduction -- References -- 2. Material Composition, Structure and Morphological Features -- 2.1. Materials having predominantly homogeneous structure and composition -- 2.2. Heterogeneous materials -- 2.2.1. Crystalline forms and amorphous regions -- 2.2.2. Materials containing insoluble additives -- 2.2.3. Materials containing immiscible phases -- 2.2.4.Composites -- 2.2.5. Multi-component layered materials -- 2.2.6. Foams and porosity -- 2.2.7.Compressed solids -- 2.3. Material surface versus bulk -- References -- 3. Effect of Processing on Material Structure -- 3.1. Temperature -- 3.2. Pressure -- 3.3. Time -- 3.4. Viscosity -- 3.5. Flow rate (shear rate) -- 3.6. Deformation -- 3.7. Orientation -- References -- 4. Scale of Damage. Basic Concept -- 4.1. Atomistic -- 4.2. Microscale -- 4.3. Macroscale -- References -- 5. Microscopic Mechanisms of Damage Caused by Degradants -- 5.1. Bulk (mechanical forces) -- 5.1.1. Elastic-brittle fracture -- 5.1.2. Elastic-plastic deformation -- 5.1.3. Time-related damage -- 5.1.3.1. Fatigue -- 5.1.3.2. Creep -- 5.1.4. Impact damage -- 5.1.5. Shear fracture -- 5.1.6.Compression set -- 5.1.7. Bending forces -- 5.1.8. Anisotropic damage -- 5.2. Electric forces -- 5.2.1. Tracking -- 5.2.2. Arcing -- 5.2.3. Drying out in batteries -- 5.2.4. Pinholes -- 5.2.5. Cracks -- 5.2.6. Delamination -- 5.3. Surface-initiated damage -- 5.3.1. Physical forces -- 5.3.1.1. Thermal treatment -- 5.3.1.2. Radiation -- 5.3.1.3. Weathering -- 5.3.2. Mechanical action -- 5.3.2.1. Scratching -- 5.3.2.2. Impact -- 5.3.2.3. Adhesive failure, sliding, and rolling -- 5.3.3. Chemical reactions -- 5.3.3.1. Molecular oxygen -- 5.3.3.2. Ozone -- 5.3.3.3. Atomic oxygen -- 5.3.3.4. Sulfur dioxide -- 5.3.3.5. Particulate matter -- 5.3.3.6. Other gaseous pollutants -- 5.4.Combination of degrading elements -- 5.4.1. Environmental stress cracking -- 5.4.2. Biodegradation and biodeterioration -- 5.4.3. Effect of body fluids -- 5.4.4. Controlled-release substances in pharmaceutical applications -- 5.4.5. Corrosion -- References
Summary Product reliability is the major aim of technological know-how. Uninterrupted performance of manufactured products at typical and extreme conditions of its use is the major goal of product development and the most important indicator of material quality. This book provides information on defect formation and materials damage. The following aspects of material performance are discussed: 1 Effect of composition, morphological features, and structure of different materials on material performance, durability, and resilience 2 Analysis of causes of material damage and degradation 3 Effect of processing conditions on material damage 4 Effect of combined action of different degradants on industrial products 5 Systematic analysis of existing knowledge regarding the modes of damage and morphology of damaged material 6 Methods of analysis of material damage 7 Comparison of experiences generated in different sectors of industry regarding the most frequently encountered failures, reasons for these failures, and potential improvements preventing future damage The name "Atlas" was selected to indicate emphasis of the book on illustration with many real examples of damaged products and discussion of causes of damage and potential for material improvements. Special chapter contains examples of damage encountered in different groups of industrial products. Each group of materials is discussed according to the following breakdown: 1 Examples of damage typically encountered in a group under discussion 2 Results of structural analysis of degradation (e.g., image analysis, surface and bulk mapping by analytic techniques such as NMR, XPS, thermography, etc.) 3 Credit to the source of images, references, and explanations 4 Conditions under which material was degraded 5 Discussion of morphological features and observations Data and images are provided for many material types, making this a hard-working reference guide for engineers working in a range of different market sectors. As well as providing core data, this reference explains the range of test and imaging techniques available, enabling engineers and scientists to take optimal and cost effective decisions. An essential tool for identifying material damage and implementing successful maintenance and replacement regimes
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index
Notes Online resource; Title from PDF title page (ScienceDirect, viewed May 27, 2016)
Subject Materials -- Atlases.
Materials -- Deterioration -- Atlases.
Microstructure -- Atlases.
Morphology -- Atlases.
Genre/Form Scientific atlases.
Atlases.
Form Electronic book
ISBN 1613449895 (electronic bk.)
1895198488
9781613449899 (electronic bk.)
9781895198485