TABLE OF CONTENTS; PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS; INTRODUCTION; XUE-GUANHUA; LIST OF TEXTS; APPENDIX I; APPENDIX II
The Sino-Japonic manuscript Xue-guanhua/Gaku-kanwa??? (Learning Mandarin Chinese), compiled for students from the Ryukyu Kingdom, is a noteworthy historical Chinese educational source. It represents historical cross-cultural interactions between Okinawan residents in China and the locals in a wide variety of speech situations, and as such it is one of the few historical cross-cultural sources available on Chinese communication and social behaviour. Along with revealing norms of historical Ch .