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Title Glutamate and ATP at the interface of metabolism and signaling in the brain / Vladimir Parpura, Arne Schousboe, Alexei Verkhratsky, editors
Published Cham : Springer, 2014


Description 1 online resource (xvii, 261 pages) : illustrations (some color)
Series Advances in Neurobiology, 2190-5215 ; volume 11
Advances in neurobiology ; v. 11. 2190-5215
Contents 1. Glutamate and ATP: The Crossroads of Signaling and Metabolism in the Brain -- 2. Glutamate Metabolism in the Brain Focusing on Astrocytes -- 3. Glycogenolysis and Purinergic Signaling -- 4. Purinergic and Glutamatergic Receptors on Astroglia -- 5. Regulated Exocytosis in Astrocytes Is as Slow as the Metabolic Availability of Gliotransmitters: Focus on Glutamate and ATP -- 6. Adenosine and Glutamate in Neuroglial Interaction: Implications for Circadian Disorders and Alcoholism -- 7. Purinergic Receptor Stimulation Decreases Ischemic Brain Damage By Energizing Astrocyte Mitochondria -- 8. Excitotoxicity and Mitochondrial Dysfunction Underlie Age-dependent Ischemic White Matter Injury -- 9. Role of Astrocytes in Delayed Neuronal Death: GLT-1 and its Novel Regulation by MicroRNAs -- 10. Ca2+ Signaling in Astrocytes and its Role in Ischemic Stroke -- 11. Pathological Potential of Astroglial Purinergic Receptors
Summary ATP was naturally selected very early on as the main source of biological energy, and thus became an indispensable feature of life on the Earth. This was a critical evolutionary choice because it shaped enzymatic systems to utilize ATP in energy-dependent reactions and necessitated an appearance of the universal intracellular signaling system based on calcium ions; keeping cytosolic Ca2+ extremely low became vitally important, since otherwise insoluble Ca2+-phosphates would preclude the cell energetics. Thus, all living cells on the Earth, beginning from the most primitive ones, had high cytosolic concentrations of ATP and there is little surprise that ATP was soon utilized by nature for another fundamental function of sending information from one living cell to another. In summary, ATP acts as the main energy source and is pivotal for numerous signaling cascades both inside (by fueling various transport systems and donating phosphate groups) and between the cells (by chemical transmission). Similarly, glutamate acts as an important molecule for both intercellular signaling through glutamatergic transmission and cell energetics by contributing to ATP production. In this collection of chapters, written by the leading experts in the fields of cell metabolism and energetics, intracellular signaling and neurotransmission, we covered various aspects of the interfacing between these two fundamental molecules. This book will be particularly useful for researchers, students, physicians and psychotherapists working in the field of neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry
Analysis biomedische wetenschappen
Medicine (General)
Geneeskunde (algemeen)
Notes Includes index
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index
Notes English
Online resource; title from PDF title page (SpringerLink, viewed September 29, 2014)
In Springer eBooks
Subject Glutamic acid -- Metabolism
Adenosine triphosphate -- Metabolism
Adenosine triphosphate.
Glutamic acid.
Neuroglia -- physiology
Signal Transduction -- physiology
Adenosine Triphosphate
Glutamic Acid
MEDICAL -- Physiology.
SCIENCE -- Life Sciences -- Human Anatomy & Physiology.
Glutamic acid
Adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate -- Metabolism
Glutamic acid -- Metabolism
medicines (material)
Form Electronic book
Author Parpura, Vladimir, 1964- editor.
Schousboe, Arne, editor
VerkhratskiÄ­, A. N. (AlekseÄ­ Nestorovich), editor.
ISBN 9783319088945